Capital Punishment, or Death Penalty is a legal process whereby the person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime. The judicial decree that someone be punished in this manner is a Death Sentence, while the actual process of killing a person is execution. Crimes that can result at a death penalty are known as capital crime or capital offences. The term capital originates from the Latin capitals, literally "regarding the head".
Capital Punishment has been used in almost every part of the world, but in the last few decades, many countries have abolished it. Usage of capital punishment is usually broken into the four category below. Of the 195 independent state that are UN members or have UN observer status.
- 100(51%) have abolished it.
- 7(4%) retain it for crimes committed in exceptional circumstances.
- (25%) permits use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years and believed to have a policy or established practice of not carrying out executions.
- 40(20%) maintain death penalty in both law and practice.