The Body System that is affected
The Cardiovascular System, The Nervous System, The Visual System, The Urinary System, The Endocrine System
The Body Parts Involved
Heart, Eyes, Kidneys, Nerves, Pancreas
The Effects of the Disorder
contributes to high blood pressure and is linked with high cholesterol which significantly increases the risk of heart attacks and cardiovascular disease; Diabetic Retinopathy is caused by blood vessels in the back of the eye (the retina) swelling and leaking. High blood pressure is also a contributing factor for diabetic retinopathy; Damage to the kidneys takes place over a period of years and can picked up by nephropathy screening before it gets too serious. Treatment includes lifestyle changes and may include medicine to treat high blood pressure and cholesterol; The effect on the nerves can be serious as the nerves are involved in so many of our bodily functions, from movement and digestion through to sex and reproduction; Diabetes affects digestion in a number of ways, including nausea, constipation or diarrhoea
The Dangers of the Disorder
Diabetes can cause complications in many different parts of the body. These include DKA, Neuropathy, which effects the feet and kidneys, High Blood Pressure, HHNS, Gastroparesis, and a stroke.
Treatments and Potential Cures
Treatments involve keeping the blood sugar level stable through diet, exercise and insulin therapy. Some medication involved is insulin, dietary supplements and Hormone Therapy.
A Description of Both Types
Type 1 Diabetes is caused because the body destroys cells which produce insulin, which eventually gets rid of insulin. This results in the body not being able to absorb sugar. Type 2 Diabetes is usually discovered in adulthood and can be prevented with a healthy lifestyle.