In the 1930's the national association for the advancement colored people (N.A.A.C.P) had a series of court cases that changed school segregation. They wanted their black schools to be improved. Chief justice Earl Warren rejected the Plessy doctrine. He said, that separate educational facilities were inherently unequal.
Decades later came Brown v. Board of Education of 1954. There was five cases in Kansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, South Carolina, and Virginia. The Kansas case was the strongest. In 1950 the Topeka N.A.A.C.P set an organization to change the laws that racially segregated elementary schools. This group was lead by Mckinley Burnett. In this process 13 parents tried to enroll their children in white schools but failed. There were 18 white schools and only 4 schools for African Americans.
In 1951 they filed a case. Later on the supreme court rendered an opinion based on the Fifth Amendment. On May 17, 1954 the supreme court handed down its ruling which overturned provisions of the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson law which stated that schools were separate but equal. This helped create a spark for the civil Rights Movement.
This connects to the book because it shows how segregated whites and blacks were. Black were separated from everything and treated different. In the book "To Kill a Mockingbird,"Tom Robinson was treated different because he was black and no one believed what he said just because he was black. There was a church scene where the black people had their own church which shows some segregation. In the court house the black people sat on the balcony and the white people got front rows.
I think that this was a serious topic for the time and started a whole new fight for African American I believe that the court case gave them hope and inspired them that they too could have equal right with white people. I believe this was the spark that lit the fuel for the Civil Rights Movement. It's sad to see how mistreated these people were. There schooling was poor and they got less utensil to learn and the quality of things were just horrible. On top of this they got mistreated by almost everyone.
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Foner, Eric, and John Garraty, editors. “Brown V. Board of Education.” History, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 1991, www.history.com/topics/black-history/brown-v-board-of-education-of-topeka. Accessed 9 Apr. 2017.
The NAACP Members. The NAACP Legal Defense and Educational, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund, lnc, www.naacpldf.org/case/brown-v-board-education. Accessed 9 Apr. 2017.
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