Gulf of Tonkin Resolution 1964
On August 7,1964 is when the congressional had approved the expansion of the Vietnam War. In Spring of 1964 the military had developed a design for some major attacks on the North. But the thing that LBJ had feared is that he wouldn't have the support of the public. South Vietnam were in a risk of communism and later on they controlled half of south Vietnam. The significance was that it was sign of war.
Anti-Vietnam War Protest Washington D.C
On October 1967 in Washington D.C there was nearly 100,000 people had gathered to protest the American war effort. More than 50,000 of the protesters went to the pentagon to ask the war to end. In 1967 they had reviewed the polls that had fallen 50% below. It had showed for the first time the people didn't support the war. Also taxes had increased 10% to help the war and people got fed up by that up as well.
On January 31,1968 about 70,000 north Vietnam and the Vietcong had launched the Tet offensive. General Vo Nguyen Giap was the leader of communist people by planning the offensive to be rebellion with the South Vietnamese population and to encourage the U.S to hold back the support of the Saigon regime. Something interesting about how they got the word "Tet" is actually a lunar new year holiday. Many towns were destroyed by the war. There were many casualties and north Vietnam had achieved by using the Tet offensive method.
My Lai Massacre
On March 16, 1968 was the massacre of Lai it was a horrible tragic event that had happened. Many things were going on like raping and torturing villagers. When they did they threw young children and babies into ditches. This event had covered up the high ranking it had showed that there was a soldier named Ron Ridenhour who heard about the incident. So the Ron wrote a secondhand letter and sent it to Nixion but it was simply ignored until later on that year.
Richard Nixon Wins Presidency
On November 7,1968 Nixion had beated Humphrey by less than 500,000 votes. But Humphrey had the popular votes. Nixion had promised that he would bring everyone together many Americans voted because of that. They were desperate since the anti-war rights protest situation everyone liked the fact that there would be peace. Nixion also promised there was another way to bring peace and honor to Vietnam but it was hard to do rather then to say.
Nixon and Cambodia
On April 1970 Nixon believed that the operation was necessary as a way to make them slow down so they can strike to make North Vietnamese attacks from Cambodia into South Vietnam. So the U.S. forces denied and the South Vietnamese had thought there was more to fight for. So Nixion approved Cambodia. There was a protest at Kent university and the national guards had killed four students. There was another incident that the guard has killed two students and there was also twelve injured by the shooting to the women's dormitory and the congress was mad.
Kent State Shooting
These were the students who had lost their lives
In May 1970 college students were protesting the bombing of Cambodia that the U.S military dropped. The Ohio National Guardsmen at the Kent State University campus had shot and killed four students on May 4th. The Kent State Shootings became the such a big event that happened because this is what they were trying to show them that this how deeply the nation was divided by the Vietnam War. Ever since then thousands of people in the U.S were protesting the Vietnam war. There were may reasons why people protested it was because of the Gulf of Tonkin and how the college students were getting drafted.
On June 1971 the Pentagon Papers was the name given to a secret Department of Defense study of U.S. political and military involvement in Vietnam from 1945 to 1967. Since the U.S. military was presenced in South Vietnam and had increased to more than 500,000 troops by 1968. The analyst of the military was Daniel Ellsberg he had decided that the information contained in the Pentagon Papers should be more widely available to the American public. So he has made a photocopied of the report and in March 1971. He had gave the copy to The New York Times and then they published a series of articles based on the reports and were interesting to all the people around the world. The federal government had tried to block publication of the Pentagon Papers on grounds of national security but they failed.