The Industrial Revolution By: audree sirois 7th hour

Samuel Slater

The industrial Revolution started with a man named Samuel slater. Slater lived in Europe and worked in factories and mass production. He moved to America and when he came he brought blueprints of the factories in Europe. In America he shared the blueprints and helped build our first factories. Samuel Slater helped start mass production in the United States and began the industrial revolution, but was this was not and entirely good thing. The industrial revolution boosted economy, offered jobs to immagrants wich where often hard to find, and if helped the United States produce more goods, but along with all of these pros, it also came with many cons. Poor working conditions led to injuries and sickness, and the increase in production also caused an increase in slavery. The industrial revaluation hurt America because it increased slavery, started child labor in America, and gave people horrible working conditions with little pay.

Slavery in the south

These are African American slaves working a cotton gin.

The Industrial Revolution hurt America because it increased the use of slavery in the south. Before the Cotton gin cotton was hard for farmers to produce. It took so much time that more slaves where needed and farmers found it cheaper to produce other crops because less slaves where needed. When the cotton gin was invented one slave could do the work of forty. The demand for cotton rose even more and many farmers made lots of money because they could make forty times what they used to. Many farmers invested in buying more slaves to make more money. The document The Day Book. Last edition states "From the inception of the united states the men who has there capital invested in human flesh made the laws in interest of their class. Mos't all the wealth produced by southern slaves was cotton." Slavery was now banned in the north but had not been banned in the south and slaves where being used even more. The south depended on slaves for there economy. The slaves had to work from sun up to sun down and it wasn't easy. They where branded and sold as well as punished if they made a mistake. Some slaves where able to escape to the north but few did. This is one reason that the Industrial Revolution was a curse for America.

Child labor

As well as increasing slavery, the Industrial Revolution started child labor in America. As industries started growing they needed to produce more goods. The demand for the goods was rapidly increasing and the companies started using factories, assembly lines, and mass production. These factories offered many jobs but not very much money. Families with parents that where not well educated and did not make a lot of money began sending there children to work and help support the family. Because the children where working they stopped going to school and the percent of educated children began decreasing. Not only did factories keep the children from going to school, but they also where extremely dangerous for them. There was big machinery and conveyer belts with no cover or protection on them. The machinery was especially dangerous because of the long hours the children worked and often they got tired and where a little less careful. Many got harmed this way. Lastly it states in The Day Book., june 16, 1914, that "It produces an unnatural relation. It makes the child independent of parental authority and liable to acts of lawlessness and ignorance that only parental authority can prevent." Without there parents around all the time they are more likely to do things that other children have been correctly taught to do.

Poor working conditions

Not only was the Industrial Revolution responsible for an increase in slavery and child labor, it gave many people jobs with terrible working conditions. The working environments they where put in where dark, filthy, dangerous, hot, small, and had many germs. One of the worst of these was the meat packaging industry. The people that worked in meat factories had hands that where scared from acid, blades, and other injuries. It was extremely dangerous because tuberculosis could easily be caught while working. All the meat that fell or sat in the sun got moldy and many germs where passed. They also had to put some dangerous things in the food they served. The sausage consisted of poisoned rats, month old meat, waste, and much more. In The Day Book., April 30, 1915 it states "for years the horrible working conditions and the poor wages paid to workers in this city by clothing manufacturers have troubled the powerful eastern union." As this quote states, poor working conditions where not only found in meat industries. Clothing manufacturers and many other factories had horrible conditions, hours, and pay that hurt the people of America.

Works cited

abor and Industrial Law. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Cochran, N. D. "The Day Book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, April 30, 1915, LAST EDITION, Image 4." News about Chronicling America RSS. N.D. Cochran, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.

Cochran, N. D. "The Day Book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, June 16, 1914, NOON EDITION, Image 3." News about Chronicling America RSS. N.D. Cochran, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.

Feminism: women factory workers, about 1910. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017

Ford Motor Company: automotive “body drop” procedure. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

“Harper’s Weekly”: black slaves working the first cotton gin. Image. Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 19 Sep. 2016. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

Wilson, N.D Cochran. "The Day Book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, August 09, 1916, LAST EDITION, Image 23." News about Chronicling America RSS. N.D. Cochran, n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2017.

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