Loading

Tinker vs. Des Moines Tommy le p6

Background Information

A group of students in Des Moines, Iowa planned to wear blank armbands to school in December 1965 to support for a truce in the Vietnam War. Their school found out and made a notice that they'll suspend those who wear the armband. When they did the students sued their school for violating their 1st Amendment symbolic speech.

Appeal Process

They first went to the US District Court, verdict was Des Moines County Schools. Then they went to the US Court of Appeals for the 8th circuit and there was a tied vote there the District Court's decision still upheld. Therefore, they directly went to the Supreme Court afterwards.

So What?

Tinker won, the Supreme Court ruled that the students free rights should be protected (7-2 decision). The court stated "students don't shed their constitutional rights at the school house gates". This ruling is important to our nation's history because students can now freely symbolize in school, to not only change education but to also educate those around them in school.

Tinker vs. Des Moines Video

Tinker vs. Des Moines Book
Justices Involved (Sorted by Ideology)

William O. Douglas (Associate Justice): 36 years of service, appointed by Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Earl Warren (Chief Justice): 15 years of service, appointed by Dwight D. Eisenhower

Abe Fortas (Associate Justice): 3 years of service, appointed by Lyndon B. Johnson

Thurgood Marshall (Associate Justice): 23 years of service, appointed by Lyndon B. Johnson

William J. Brennan (Associate Justice): 33 years of service, appointed by Dwight D. Eisenhower

Byron White (Associate Justice): 31 years of service, appointed by John F. Kennedy

Hugo Black (Associate Justice): 34 years of service, appointed by Franklin D. Roosevelt

Potter Stewart (Associate Justice): 22 years of service, appointed by Dwight D. Eisenhower

John Marshall Harlan II (Associate Justice): 16 years of service, appointed by Dwight D. Eisenhower

Sources:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qOk7sjqKmhI

https://www.oyez.org/cases/1968/21

https://www.uscourts.gov/about-federal-courts/educational-resources/supreme-court-landmarks/tinker-v-des-moines-podcast