Information on Operating Systems (Linked with operating systems)

1990's

APPLE LISA OFFICE SYSTEM 1 (RELEASED IN 1983) Also referred to as Lisa OS (Office System). It was developed by Apple. Unfortunately this workstation didn’t last, it was killed by Apple’s Macintosh operating system that was more affordable. There were upgrades to Lisa OS, Lisa OS 2 in 1983 and Lisa OS 7/7 3.1 in 1984, that upgraded the system itself, but not the graphical user interface.

MAC OS SYSTEM 1.0 (RELEASED IN 1984) System 1.0 was the first operating system GUI developed for the Macintosh. It had several features of a modern operating system, with icons. The windows could be moved around with the mouse. files and folders could be copied by dragging and dropping.

WINDOWS 1.0X (RELEASED IN 1985) In this year, Microsoft finally caught up with the whole user interface craze and released Windows 1.0, its first GUI based operating system . The system featured 32×32 pixel icons and color graphics. The most interesting feature (which later was deleted) was the icon of the animated analog clock.

OS/2 2.0 (RELEASED IN 1992) This was the first GUI that was exposed to international acceptance and accessibility testing. The GUI was developed with more feature concerning "objects". Every file and folder was an object which could be linked with other files, folders and applications. It also supported drag and drop feature and templates.

2000's

AC OS X (RELEASED IN 2001) In early 2000, Apple announced their “new” interface and in 2001 the company released it with their brand new operating system called Mac OS X. The default 32 x 32 and 48 x 48 icons were changed to big 128 x 128 icons. Lots of criticism and comments were received after the release of this GUI. Apparently users were not ready for such a big change, but soon enough they adopted the new style and today this GUI represents the basis of all Mac OS X operating systems.

KDE 3 (RELEASED IN 2002) Since version 1.0, the K Desktop Environment improved thoroughly. They polished all the graphics and icons and gathered the whole user experience together to make it easier for the users in the future.

MAC OS X LEOPARD (RELEASED IN 2007) With their 6th generation, Mac OS X system Apple, once again improved the user interface. The new GUI features a more 3D look, with the 3D dock and lots more animation and interactivity.

GNOME 2.24 (2008) GNOME put a lot of effort into creating the themes and artwork into v2.2.4 as their aim is “to make your computer look good”. They ran a competition to collect some of the most intruiging desktop backgrounds that their contributors have produced for use in v2.24.

2010's

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google. It is based on the Linux kernel and designed for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Android's user interface is mainly based on direct manipulation, using touch gestures that interacts to real-world actions, such as swiping, tapping and pinching, to operate on-screen objects, along with a virtual keyboard for text input.

Fedora is an operating system based on the Linux kernel, developed by the community-supported Fedora Project. Fedora contains software distributed under a free and open-source license and aims to be on the leading edge of such technologies. As of February 2016, Fedora has an estimated 1.2 million users.

Windows 10 is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft as part of the Windows family of operating systems. It was officially revealed in September 2014 following a brief demo. The first version of the operating system entered a public beta testing process in October, leading up to its audience release on July 29, 2015.

  • Windows 10 introduces what Microsoft described as "universal apps"; expanding on Metro-style apps, these apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code—including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The Windows user interface was studied thoroughly to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices—particularly on 2-in-1 PCs.

iOS 7 is the seventh major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc.,. It was announced at the company's Worldwide Developers Conference on June 10, 2013 and was released on September 18, 2013. It was succeeded by iOS 8 on September 17, 2014. iOS 7 has new and cool features. A completely redesigned user interface. The new look, featuring flatter icons, a new slide-to-unlock function, and new animations. The new design was executed throughout the operating system, including the Notification Center, which was updated with three tabs presenting different views of information; notifications visible on the lock screen; a redesigned Siri voice assistant presenting visual indicators; and a Control Center offering easy access to the most commonly used features. iOS 7 also introduced AirDrop, a wireless sharing technology; CarPlay, phone and car integration; and automatic app updates in the App Store.

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Alize Farhin
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