John Dewey was an American philosopher and education remormer whose ideas influenced how education is today. He was born in 1859 and died in 1952 at age 92. Along with education, he also wrote about art, logic, ethics, social theory, aesthetics, and metaphysics. Dewey was also very political and said "democracy and the one, ultimate, ethical ideal of humanity are to my mind synonmous." He believed that the only way to achieve total democracy in America was to extend voting rights to all citizens
Contributions to Education
Students were originally trained for specific jobs to do when they got out of school, but Dewey disagreed with this idea. He thought that teachers should set a higher standard of education among the population and that public school should provide plenty of people with access to that standard of education. Teachers should provide students with the skills necessary to succeed in daily life and build students' character.
Dewey believed teachers should have a love and passion of a specific subject rather than an ability to regurgitate knowledge of several different subjects. Teachers should also be passionate about studying methods for teaching students and providing an education for future generations.
Dewey says the skill of a teacher is measured by their ability to observe and adapt to their students. Teachers have to be able to share in their students' struggles and victories. Every student is different and a good teacher is able to find how they learn best and exploit it.
Dewey acknowledged the stressors and inconveniences that teachers face, including long hours and little pay. With as many burnt out teachers as there are, he believes it is important for teachers to be able to withstand this stress and maintain the other qualities previously mentioned to be successful.
- John Dewey. (2017, March 18). Retrieved March 29, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Dewey#On_education_and_teacher_education
- John Dewey on education, experience and community. (2013, April 04). Retrieved March 29, 2017, from http://infed.org/mobi/john-dewey-on-education-experience-and-community/