Welcome to the Revolution! By: Burke T. Tuggle

Five events that lead up to the beginning of the Revolution:

The French and Indian War, 1754 - 1763. The Colonists and the British join forces to fight the French and the Indians. With the help of the Colonists, the British triumphantly win the war. Later on, France does business with the colonies. The war was super expensive, but the French helped fund the start of the Revolution.

The Sugar Act 4/5/1764. Also called "the American Revenue Act". Passed by British Parliament of Great Britain, April of 1764. The Molasses Act that came earlier in 1733, imposing taxes, six pence per gallon of molasses. Never effectively collected, because of colonial evasion and resistance.

The Stamp Act, 3/22/1765. Passed by British Parliament. A new tax imposing American colonists. Requiring them to pay a tax for every piece of paper that was used. Ship's papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, other publications, even playing cards!

Boston Massacre, 3/5/1770. During winter, a crowd of Boston's citizens became an angry mob. Throwing snowballs at British troops. The soldiers open fire, killing five people, wounding six others. British officer, Capt. Thomas Preston, and eight other British troops were arrested and charged with manslaughter.

Boston Tea Party, 1773. British ships were ordered not to return to England until they unloaded their cargo. Citizens of Boston revolted. Dressing up as Indians, raiding the ships in the middle of the night. Breaking open crates of tea with tomahawks and dumping them into the harbor.

Three Battles of the American Revolution:

Lexington and Concord, April 19, 1775. The first shots of the American Revolution. British troops marched from Boston to Concord to seize the Colonists' stores of gunpowder. Paul Revere rode on horseback to warn the colonists during his famous Midnight Ride. "The British are coming! The British are coming!"

The Battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 1775. British defeat Americans in Massachusetts. However, colonial forces inflicted severe casualties against British forces. The colonists' defeat was a significant boost. Despite Bunker Hill, most of the fighting occurred on Breed's Hill nearby.

Invasion of Quebec, Canada, December 31, 1775. American troops attempt to capture Quebec, currently being occupied by the British. Under the command of Colonel Benedict Arnold and General Richard Montgomery. Americans fail to capture Quebec, Montgomery was killed. The first defeat for the colonies in the Revolution.

Two Outcomes of the Revolution:

Treaty of Paris, September 3, 1783. Signed by representatives of King George III, marking the end of the Revolutionary War. The Continental Congress named a five-member commission to negotiate the treaty. John Adams, Ben Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, and Henry Laurens. America gains independence from England.

In the aftermath of the Revolution, many Britons had grown weary of the war. England suffered losses in India and the West Indies. The island of Minorca in the Mediterranean Sea had fallen. Lord North's ministry collapsed in March 1782, bringing an end to King George's personal rule (temporarily). Whig ministry, favorable to Americans, Tory regime of Lord North.

Credits:

Created with images by Unsplash - "american flag hanging barn" • kthypryn - "Paul Revere" • Dick Howe Jr - ""The Death of General Warren""

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