Inside Out: Sadness Demonstrates the Theories of Our Emotions.
The Theories of our Emotions
Sadness (from inside out) will be demonstrating all of these theories throughout the presentation.
"Let it Out!" : James Lange Theory
As we experience a event and observe what is happening, we feel the emotion overcome us as it happens.
For example, Sadness is overwhelmed with emotion while she is EXPERIENCING a event. (Seeing Riley hurt)
"Smiling through the pain" : Cannon-Bard Theory
In this theory our emotional response is different from our physical response.
For example, in the picture above Sadness is smiling for Joy- albeit it seems forced- however, she is doing so even though she does not wish to. Which can concede with Cannon-Bard's Theory.
"Floating on a Cloud and Bad Memories" : Schachter Two Factor Theory
In this theory it is believed that both the physical responses and cognition responses both create emotion. A quote that can be used to explain further into this is as follows, "Our experience of emotions grows from our awareness of our body's arousal" (page 367)
In the picture above it is shown that Sadness is floating on a cloud, and a scene within the movie (that shows her on said cloud), is that as Sadness remembers the things she did wrong and where she is at that moment causes her to react and have emotion.
Within the video above there are many in-depth examples that can provide a more in-depth understanding of the previously mentioned theories.
James Lange theory: Sadness becomes happy over the “airplane” that Riley’s dad had created. She then made facial expressions that expresses her emotions which expresses Lange’s theory. (0:44-0:52)
Cannon-Bard Theory: Sadness shows that is “remorseful” through her posture, language, and also facial expressions. However this contradicts her experienced emotion which is slight triumph since she was able to get into the “jail” to help Bing Bong. (14:23-14:33)
Schachter Two Factor theory: Sadness touches the orb that displays Riley’s memories, turning it into a sad memory. This causes the group to look back at her in surprise, and Sadness immediately retracts away from the orb while realizing that the other emotions are mad at her. This displays Schachter’s theory since her cognition and physiological actions created/displayed her emotion of guilt. (3:12-3:28)
The Four Theories of Our Motivations
Drive Reduction Theory: Clark Hull
Clark Hull's theory derives from the idea that a psychological need causes you to take action. For example, in the picture above, Sadness touches the orbs but does so because it seemed to be a deep psychological need for her.
This theory is the belief that the physical environment influences your mental arousal and choices. In this example above, it shows that the lava that is surrounding has affected her mental arousal and decisions.
Incentive Theory: Supported by those who believe in the behaviorist theory. (B.F Skinner)
This theory believes that we take actions to gain something in return, which is our true motivation between our actions that we choose. For example in this picture above, Joy tells Sadness that she can help Riley by staying inside of the circle and Sadness chooses to stay in the circle in order to appease Joy.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Abraham Maslow
Maslow believed that everyone's motivation is to reach to their full potential-or in other words- to self-actualization. Sadness was trying to reach to her self-actualization during the movie, by passing the stages that meant her psychological needs were met. For example, in the beginning of the movie, Sadness was ostracized from the group because she brought Riley sadness. However, at the end of the movie she was soon welcomed by the other emotions, causing her to take the next steps closer to her self-actualization.
This picture shows Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs.
The Three Theories of our Social Motivation's
Achievement Motivation Theory
The Achievement Motivation is when others do more than what is expected from them because of their psychological need to excel. In the picture above it shows Sadness on the window just outside of the emotions home, and she is there because of her psychological need to excel at her task. Her task was to get back home safely and to prevent Riley from doing anything rash.
Intrinsic Motivation is when a person tries to become proficient at a task inwardly, and rewards themselves inwardly as well. An example within the movie that displays this social motivation theory, is when Sadness comforts Bing Bong. While she does so, she efficiently aids Bing Bong in moving on from Riley, and takes pride in it since her abilities are looked down upon within her 'home'.
With extrinsic motivation is the opposite of intrinsic motivation. This focuses on positive emotions that are caused by things such as praise, money, cars, and more. In the movie Sadness shows this social motivation when Joy praises her, and asks for her help with the orbs. Sadness displays happiness over Joy's praise, which encourages her to become more involved with the 'group'.