What is it?
Uluru is a famous Australian landmark oriented in Alice Springs, Northern Territory. The longitude and latitude is 25.3444° S, 131.0369° E and it is in the middle of the Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park. Uluru is listed as a world heritage site and has over 1000 tourists visiting it every year. One of the main traditional land owners of Uluru are called Anangu, together with the government they own and protect Uluru.
Who Owns it?
On the 26 of October 1985, the governor general returned Uluru to its traditional owners, the Anangu people, and ever since then together the government and Anangu people have been protecting it for the generations to come through joint management. The start of this was making Uluru, and the area around it a national park called Uluru-Kata Tjuru National Park. Although it is now protected, since as part of the agreement when the general returned it the Anangu people had to lease it to the government for 99 years, so the government still allows it to be a tourist attraction because of the rise in economy in insures. The Anangu people still live there and try to encourage the tourists to not climb the rock for its very disrespectful to their culture and the site is very spiritual for them.
The Anangu People
The reason the land is so special to the Anangu people is because of their dream time stories. They believe that their ancient ancestors created Uluru and other creatures of myth shaped and marked it like the Serpent Woman who left a gash in the rock and the ancient warriors who created the indents with their powerful spears. As part of their culture, they want to preserve Uluru and it's stories for the generations to come. This is why it is so disrespectful for them when people walk all over their sacred rock.
Australian Government Mangagement
Since the foreigners first came, they have harmed Uluru, now together teams of scientists, environmentalists and park rangers work with the Anangu people to preserve, restore and protect Uluru. Three main areas of management are fire, weed and feral animal control. Another largely debated topic is allowing people to climb Uluru.