Spitzer Space Telescope By Ben Ouellette

Spitzer follows Earths orbit around the Sun

Launched from Florida's Cape Canaveral Air Force Base on August 25, 2003. It cost 720 Million USD after being created by the NASA Space Program. This is NASA's fourth and final telescope of the Great Observatories program. This program was designed to have each of the 4 telescopes examine a specific wavelength/energy region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The other telescopes are Hubble Space Telescope, Compton Gamma Ray Observatory, Chandra X-ray Observatory.

The Spitzer Space Telescopes mirror is 85 cm in diameter or 0.85 m. The mirror is made of beryllium. Beryllium is a light weight metal that is able to work well in the cold.

Spitzer weighs 2,094 pounds

Largest infrared telescope ever launched into space

Spitzer Space Telescope obtains images at wavelengths from 3-180 microns. Its resolution varies from 2 arc seconds to 40 arc seconds. It observes the infrared region of the EM spectrum

In order to work properly the telescope must remain cool as it trails Earth. It does so by staying behind Earths orbit and using solar shields to protect it from the suns heat. In addition to the solar panels and its orbit the telescope uses liquid helium(cryogenic) in order to stay cool.

Spitzer studies many different objects, such as newly born planetary systems in our galaxy. It focuses on observing any objects not visible to astronomers. Those would mainly be planets and asteroids(objects that emit mainly infrared light).

This telescope is an infrared telescope that allows us to see objects that are emitting infrared light. By being able to use infrared light it is able to see more objects that are blocked from dust clouds or is only visible to humans from emitted light.

Major Discovery- The Spitzer telescope was able to discover a new rocky exoplanet outside our solar system. This exoplanet(HD 219134b,) is the closest one found near Earth. It will be studied more for many years because of its proximity to Earth.

Major Photos Taken by Spitzer

Image of galaxy cluster Abell 2744, also called Pandora's Cluster: The major spots in the image are galaxies that will be studied by astronomers.
The Spitzer telescope captured and infrared image of the Spider Nebula. It is located in the constellation Auriga, IC 417 and is 10,000 light years away. At the center right you can see a cluster of younger stars.
Shown above is the star IRAS 19312+1950. It is believed to be ten times larger than our sun. The region it was found in was known to not be a home for many stars. This star exhibits many characteristics of an old and a new star.
This ¨Enterprise¨ Nebulae captured by Spitzer shows two regions of stars hidden behind hazes of dust. Many Star Trek fans may see how the image looks like the saucer and hull of the original USS Enterprise, captained by James T. Kirk. Many people will gaze at the stars from Earth and see things they find familiar just as this image does.
The "Ring of Stellar Fire" image taken by Spitzer shows a galaxy about 12 billion years old. The red ring surrounding it are new stars that are letting off more energy. The stars in the center are producing shorter wavelengths of infrared light. The older stars in the center have used up any gas or fuel to make new stars.

Citations

Telescope 1: http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/uploaded_files/graphics/square_graphics/0006/1690/mission_small.jpg?1282671368

Diagram: http://legacy.spitzer.caltech.edu/technology/images/config2.jpg

Orbit: https://i.ytimg.com/vi/h1j7k5WtCxI/hqdefault.jpg

Telescope 2: https://www.nasa.gov/centers/jpl/images/content/92780main_assembly1-browse.jpg

Telescope 3: http://appel.nasa.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2006/10/OBLAF2.jpg

Flag: http://www.newhdwallpapersin.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/USA-Flag-Hd-Wallpapers-Free-Download-5.jpg

Mirror:http://www.asc-csa.gc.ca/images/satellites/jwst/telescopes_hubble-jwst-spitzer.jpg

Telescope 4: https://media1.britannica.com/eb-media/89/118389-004-BA5D2F34.jpg

Infrared 1: http://hubblesite.org/webb_telescope/science_on_the_edge/beyond_the_visible/graphics/compared/carina-big.jpg

Asteroid: http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_classroom/cosmic_reference/images/asteroidir.jpg

Infrared 2: https://www.nasa.gov/images/content/178941main_Orion_vis-ir_lg.jpg

Planet: http://bi.gazeta.pl/im/ba/9e/11/z18474682Q,Wizja-artysty-przedstawiajaca-rozzarzona-powierzch.jpg

Telescope 5: http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_kids/learn_sirtf/images/sirtf.jpg

Gallery of Space: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/38/PIA19872-12thAnniversarySpaceCalendar-SpitzerST-20150820.jpg/600px-PIA19872-12thAnniversarySpaceCalendar-SpitzerST-20150820.jpg

EM spectrum: http://www.crhfoto.co.uk/crh/digital%20infra-red/elec-mag-spec.jpg

Solar Shield: https://archive.org/services/img/SPITZ-SIRTF_ir_back

Spitzer and Earth: http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/images/spitzer/20160825/spitzer20160825.jpg

Telescope Picture Citatons

Pandora Cluster: https://pbs.twimg.com/media/CtdjpzZUsAA1fMN.jpg:large

Spider Nebula: http://i2.wp.com/photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/jpeg/PIA20357.jpg

Age-Defying Star: http://imagenes.lainformacion.com/2016/08/30/ciencia-y-tecnologia/ciencias-naturales/astronomia/NASA-misteriosa-estrella-Via-Lactea_949115752_112129984_1200x675.jpg

Enterprise Nebulae: https://www.nasa.gov/feature/jpl/enterprise-nebulae-seen-by-spitzer

Ring of Stellar Fire: http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/uploaded_files/images/0010/2231/sig14-026.jpg

Website Links:

Website: http://www.spitzer.caltech.edu/

Twitter: https://twitter.com/nasaspitzer?lang=en

Research:

http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/cosmic_kids/learn_sirtf/background.html

http://www.space.com/33909-spitzer-space-telescope.html

Research/Organizations: https://www.nasa.gov/

http://amazingspace.org/resources/explorations/groundup/lesson/scopes/spitzer/page2.php

Research: http://archive.spitzer.caltech.edu/

Created By
Benjamin Ouellette
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