Mahavira is the 24th and last Tirthankara to appear in this age, he is usually regarded as the founder of Jainism, the first signficant marker on Jainism's historical timeline. Often known as "the Great Hero." Mahavira is regarded as the man who gave Jainism its present-day form.
Jains beliefs holds that 24 historical figures have lived and taught Jain truths in this age.
Right faith - Samyak darshana: This means seeing things properly, and avoiding preconceptions and superstitions that get in the way of seeing clearly.
Right knowledge - Samyak jnana: This means having accurate knowledge of the real universe - this requires a true knowledge of the five substances and nine truths of the universe - and having that knowledge with the right mental attitude.
Right conduct - Samyak charitra: This means living your life according to Jain ethical rules, to avoid doing harm to living things and freeing yourself from attachment and other impure attitudes and thoughts.
Sacred Texts: The texts containing the teachings of Mahavira are called the Agamas. Mahavira's disciples compiled his words into texts or sutras, and memorised them to pass on to future generations. Unfortunately, many of the original teachings of Mahavira have been lost. As centuries passed some of the texts were forgotten, and others were misremembered.
Principle of Non-Violence: Mahavira was the embodiment of peace. He was the preacher of non-violence. He rejected the Vedic rituals and taught to be kind and humane to animals.