Jainism Liberation of the soul

Jainism is an ancient religion from India that teaches that the way to liberation and bliss is to live a life of harmlessness and renunciation. The aim of Jain life is to achieve liberation of the soul.

Scholars of religion state that Jainism arose in 7th century in Eastern India, home to Hinduism and Buddhism. The scene of high religious speculation and activity at that time.

Mahavira is the 24th and last Tirthankara to appear in this age, he is usually regarded as the founder of Jainism, the first signficant marker on Jainism's historical timeline. Often known as "the Great Hero." Mahavira is regarded as the man who gave Jainism its present-day form.

Mahavira

Jains beliefs holds that 24 historical figures have lived and taught Jain truths in this age.

Jains do not believe in a God or gods in the way that many other religions do, but they do believe in divine (or at least perfect) beings who are worthy of devotion.

The Jain view of God enables Jainism to explain the evil and suffering that exists in the world without the intellectual difficulties faced by religions that have a creator God at their heart.

Like many other Eastern religions, Jainism uses the concepts of reincarnation and deliverance . When a being dies the soul goes to its next body instantly. This body may not be human or even animal. The quality is determined by karma.

What you give, is what you get.

Jains believe karma is what determines the quality of life. The happiness of a being's present life is the result of the actions in its previous life. A soul can only achieve liberation by getting rid of all the karma attached to it. The Jain idea of karma is much more elaborate in some other Eastern religions.

Jains believe that the universe we perceive really exists and is not an illusion. It contains two classes of thing living souls, and non-living objects, which include everything else, including space. Nothing in the universe is ever destroyed or created, they simply change from one form to another.

The Three Jewels of Jainism. The aim of Jain life is to achieve liberation of the soul. Simply by living by the three jewels of Jain ethics.

Right faith - Samyak darshana: This means seeing things properly, and avoiding preconceptions and superstitions that get in the way of seeing clearly.

Right knowledge - Samyak jnana: This means having accurate knowledge of the real universe - this requires a true knowledge of the five substances and nine truths of the universe - and having that knowledge with the right mental attitude.

Right conduct - Samyak charitra: This means living your life according to Jain ethical rules, to avoid doing harm to living things and freeing yourself from attachment and other impure attitudes and thoughts.

The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes the Jain Vow of Ahimsa ( in the Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain tradition) the principle of nonviolence toward all living things.

Sacred Texts: The texts containing the teachings of Mahavira are called the Agamas. Mahavira's disciples compiled his words into texts or sutras, and memorised them to pass on to future generations. Unfortunately, many of the original teachings of Mahavira have been lost. As centuries passed some of the texts were forgotten, and others were misremembered.

Influence/Spread/Impact

Jainism has brought changes in the religious atmosphere of India.

Growth of Language and Literature: Jainism influenced Indian language and literature. Vardhaman Mahavir preached in ‘Ardha-Magadhi’ language, the language of the common man. The people knowing these languages could easily follow the preaching’s of Mahavira . In due course of time the jainia texts were written in Prakrit language(vernacular dialects of northern and central India)

Non-violence

Principle of Non-Violence: Mahavira was the embodiment of peace. He was the preacher of non-violence. He rejected the Vedic rituals and taught to be kind and humane to animals.

Jainism helped a lot in the growth of Art and Architecture. The kings patronized Jainism. So many Jaina images of Jaina Tirthankara were found in many parts of India.

Today there are some six million Jains worldwide, and they represent less than 2% of India's population. Many migrated to East Africa and from there to Britain, where the community is around 30,000.

Works Cited: http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/jainism/ http://www.religionfacts.com/jainism/history https://www.britannica.com/topic/Jainism http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/j/jainism-today/ http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/history/jainism/contribution-of-jainism-to-indian-culture/47588/

Created by: Jett Mitchell

Credits:

Created with images by Fæ - "Shrine with Four Jinas (Rishabhanatha (Adinatha)), Parshvanatha, Neminatha, and Mahavira) LACMA M.85.55 (3 of 4)" • tornado_twister - "Tea estate in Munnar" • dalbera - "Tirthankara, maître jaïn (Khajuraho)" • Nagarjun - "Mahavira" • dalbera - "La grotte jaïne "Indra Sabha" (Ellora, Inde)" • skeeze - "world earth planet" • jarmoluk - "old books book old" • Nick Kenrick.. - "Rajasthan .. India" • mikegi - "buddha buddhism statue" • ginu - "munnar kerala india"

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