Background of Type 2 Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes, the insulin produced by the pancreas is not used in the right way. It does not attach to the insulin receptor on the cell, and thereby, does not allow glucose energy to enter the cell and fuel the cell. The cause of this diabetes is not known; however, studies show contributing factors to be genetic and environment and to have close ties to excess weight and inactivity. It causes the pancreas to, at first, create excess amounts of insulin to make up for the seemingly lacking amount. Then, the pancreas becomes unable to keep up with these demands. Type 2 diabetes causes a rise in blood sugar and a lack of energy.
As a type 2 diabetic, diet is extremely important to maintain a balanced blood sugar. Diabetic must limit certain foods (simple sugars and fats) and maximize certain foods (proteins). An ideal meal for a diabetic would include a ratio of 1/4 protein: 1/4 starch: 1/2 non-starchy vegetables. Common starchy vegetables include but are not limited to broccoli, cucumber, mushrooms, squash, and tomato. Because carbohydrates are still essential for all, it is best to consume complex carbohydrates, as there is more energy available in them. These complex carbohydrates include wheat bread, potatoes, and lentils. It is important that diabetics do not consume than 60 sugar grams per meal and 180 grams per day.
Monitoring blood sugar
As a Type 2 Diabetic, daily and long term monitoring of blood sugar levels is important. Daily monitoring can be accomplished by a blood glucose meter, a test strip, and a lancing device. This meter is inserted into a finger to determine the numbers in the diabetic's blood, which should be 80-130 mg/dl before a meal and less than 180 mg/dl 2 hours after a meal. Type 2 diabetics should check their blood sugar 2 or more times a day. Long term, diabetic patients may go biyearly to their doctor to have their A1C level checked. The A1C test gives the patient a picture of their average blood glucose control for the past 2 to 3 months. This data shows the doctor and the patient how well their treatment plan is working, and it allows them to make alterations or maintain plans. Health care providers may provide A1C test results as eAG, or average glucose. eAG is used so that the patient may be able to understand the numbers better, as A1C is represented as a percentage and eAG in mg/dl. Non-pregnant adults with diabetes should have an A1C level of 7% and an eAG level of 154 mg/dl.
Exercise and healthy living is extremely important to type 2 diabetics, as it has been proven to be the treatment to this specific type of diabetes. Because many people handle physical activity differently, it is important to first assess your body in its current state. Then, with the help of a physician, patients may decide which activities are best suitable for them specifically. These activities could include walking, swimming, biking, etc. It is important to start slowly and to consult with a doctor before doing an activity that may be over-demanding. Remember that anyone can become physically active, and activity can happen at any point throughout the day, if done intentionally. The more you move, the more calories are burned, and the easier it is to keep your blood glucose levels where they should be.
Celebrities with type 2 diabetes
"I was determined to share my positive approach and not let diabetes stand in the way of enjoying my life." -- Paula Deen
"I chalk up the fact that I got diabetes to my body saying, 'Dude, you have been doing wrong for way too long!" -- Randy Jackson
"I'm Drew Carey, and yes, I have lost weight. Thanks for asking." -- Drew Carey
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Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Retrieved December 06, 2016, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/
Paula Deen Quotes. (n.d.). Retrieved December 06, 2016, from https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/p/pauladeen431838.html
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@. (n.d.). Diabetes - Find Community, News, Information on Diabetes. Retrieved December 06, 2016, from http://www.healthcentral.com/diabetes/