Mesopotamia was the first established civilization called "the cradle of civilizations" because that's where everything started
Mesopotamia was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and their many tributaries in the Fertile Crescent. The rivers were unreliable and would cause major floods which was bad for agriculture
They were Polytheistic, and thought their gods were mean because of the violent way the Tigris and Euphrates would flood
Mesopotamia was a Monarchy ruled by a King (women could not rule) where power always shifted from men to gods and the high priestess had a lot of control as well.
There was a social hierarchy: slaves, commoners, nobles, priests, King. Slaves worked for anyone and were usually farming.
Rise, Fall & Collapse
8000BCE - 600BCE
Rise: A large, centralized population, a surplus of food, a centralized government, a complex division of labor, money collected through taxes
Collapse: Civilizations collapse because of conquering by outside forces, globally interconnecting, climate uncertainty, disruptions to the economic systems, and civil wars.