Claim: The factory system was the most significant economic change durning the Industrial Revolution and 1800's, the factory system gave a lot of employment to women, it changed the way people were paid, and it changed the ways Americans manufactured their goods.
How it affected the country: It changed the amount of materials made in the United States. The factory system also put a demand on certain materials such as the textile products, cotton, boots and much more products made in big factories.
Evidence 1: "Before mechanization and factories, textiles were made mainly in people’s homes (giving rise to the term cottage industry), with merchants often providing the raw materials and basic equipment, and then picking up the finished product. Workers set their own schedules under this system, which proved difficult for merchants to regulate and resulted in numerous inefficiencies. In the 1700s, a series of innovations led to ever-increasing productivity, while requiring less human energy". When the factory system was not around people often worked at their homes getting supplies from merchants, and then made there products from the materials. Then the factory system came along and people began to make the materials faster and differently because of the use of the new machines.
Evidence 2: "the rapidly changing economy of the early Industrial Revolution were new organizational strategies to increase productivity". With everything that was going on in the economy durning the Industrial Revolution people came up with the idea of the Factory System, and it became very popular.
Evidence 3: " the rise of Wage Labor at the heart of the Industrial Revolution also working people in new ways". Durning the Industrial Revolution people in the factory system were paid by the hour instead of by how much they made in a day. Many people were okay with this change however there were also people who weren't.
Evidence 4: "materials were distributed to workers (usually women) in their homes, to be completed and returned to the manufacturer. This method changed in the early nineteenth century, due in large part to the efforts of wealthy Boston businessman Francis Cabot Lowell (1775–1817)". Before the factory system was introduced and put in place in the United State, women worked in their homes. When the factory system was introduced many women left their homes and worked in the factories instead.
Historical Context: The factory system was introduced around the year of 1814. It was originally used in England but soon ended up in the U.S.. This change happened because there was a demand for certain products like boots, cloth, and cotton. People used the factory system to make things faster in a less amount of time.The steam engine was created around the same time that the factory system was put in place. This led to steam boats and trains which allowed people to ship the products made in factories to others states. The factory system affected the North more then the South, but it was mainly the Northeastern states that had more factories.
Westward Expansion : The factory system affected westward expansion because some people did not like how the factories paid them by the hour, which is the pay system we use today. People mover to the West to find their own land and more chances to get a lot of money.