Saturday, December 10th: Today I went to the Saint Basil's Cathedral, which is a christian based church. It is located in the beautiful country of Russia. Although Russian is the official language, many people speak English as their second language. The two most popular languages in Russia are Christianity and Islam.
The St. Basil's Cathedral was built on orders from Ivan the Terrible and commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan. It was the cities tallest building until the completion of the Ivan Great Bell Tower was built in 1600's. The cathedral is now a museum. During restoration work in the 1970's the workers discovered a hidden wooden staircase behind one of the walls. Now visitors take this route into the church, and inside there is an amazing ceiling, and the walls are covered with patterned paintings.
Tuesday, December 13, 2016: Today I went to Cambodia and visited the Angkor Wat Temple. This temple consists of 100 stone temples. It was built in order to honor the Hindu god, Vishnu. It is the largest religious monument in the world, and it has become a symbol of Cambodia, and it appears on their national flag. Hinduism is the oldest religion in the world, and they believe in three gods, Vishnu, Brahma, and Siva.
Thursday, December 15, 2016: Next, i traveled to Java, Indonesia, and visited the Borobudur Temple, which is a monument of the Buddhist religion. It was built in three tiers: a base with circular platforms, and at the top of the monument there is a monumental stupa. The walls are decorated with with fine low reliefs. It has 72 openwork stupas, each containing the statue of Buddha. The rulers of Sailendra Dynasty built the Temple of Borobudur around 800 C.E. The Buddhist religion believes that: 1. Suffering always exists in the world, and 2. Reincarnation, rebirth, and karma.
Saturday, December 17, 2016: Next stop, I wanted to learn more about the Judaism religion, so I visited the Western wall. It forms the flank of the temple mount and is considered one of themes religious monuments in Judaism. The wall was originally erected as part of the expansion of the Second Jewish Temple, which resulted in the encasement of the natural, steep hill known to Jews and Christians as the Temple Mount. The Judaism religion believes that Moses lived in the 12th century and received the 10 commandments from God.
Monday, December 19, 2016: Lastly, I visited the famous Islamic monument, the Dome of the Rock. It is located inJerusalem. It was built on the site of the Roman Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus. The original dome collapsed in 1016 and was rebuilt in 1021. The dome itself is one of the oldest extant works of islamic architecture. The islamic religion believes that a moral life can be led through complete submission to the will of Allah.