Mexico Aztec Empire


Geography of the Aztec Empire

The empire had city states with three allied capitals in the Basin of Mexico. Tenochtitlan is located at the center of high-altitude valleys, which is also known as the capital. This region is at the same altitude as the Yucatan Peninsula. The valley of Mexico, a huge opening surrounded by snow capped volcanoes. These Nomadic bands migrated to the Valley of Mexico and thus starting the rest of the Aztecs to arrive. The Valley was very marshy and scattered with islands. The Aztecs didn't need the Islands so they decided to sink the trees and cover it with mud to create a flat surface. There was streams and mountains that surrounded the capital, and created a great big natural barrier. The Aztec Empire was spread along the Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific Ocean, very huge land that stretched all the way to the south border of Guatemala.

Social Structure

Social Stucture

The Aztecs were very strict with how their social structure was, everyone was labeled as a Nobles, Commoners, and serfs or Slaves. Those who were considered/labeled as Nobles usually worked with the Government, Military leaders, high-level priests, and lords. Priest had their own type of system, in which they couldn't have any relationship with a woman and could not drink alcohol. If they didn't follow the rules a serious punishment could occur or even death.


The Aztecs Legal System was very complicated and was designed to keep the respect and social order of government institutions. The major laws were written in pictograph for the judges. Custom laws were passed down through the generations. The empire was made up of city states know as altepetl. Each of them had their own leader, judge and administrator. The leader was the main owner of all the land in their city sate. Overlooked markets and temples. Led military and hired others to overlook other things for him. The leaders had to come from royal lineage and a noble class. New emperors were elected by four nobles who were related to the previous ruler. They were required to be nobles, to be over the age of 30, to have been educated at one of the elite calmecac schools etc. He governed with the assistance of four advisors and one senior advisor who were elected by the nobility.


The ancient Aztecs traded everything , relied a lot on agriculture. They planted a lot of crops bu the most important was corn. They bartered through different currencies. However their little market place where they sold wood, jewelry, medicine etc. could all be sold at that one spot. It was the main spot for the Aztecs.


Aztec technology was very interesting like they have created the canoe, special aztec calender and useful forms of different medicines. Aztecs did not have any iron or bronze to create the tools needed so found a way to make their tool using copper. Later creating axe blades and drills using reed or bone. Created the atlatl which made throwing a spear much easier, also helped with fishing.

Aztecs didn't really have an alphabet . Their writing was used with symbols to create phrases . Their handwriting was followed by 3 primary functions, to mark calendrical dates, accounting mathematical calculations, and to writes names of people and places.


Aztecs sacrificed many people at their celebrating ceremonies. Aztec believe that the blood given in sacrifice gave the gods new strength and energy , they praised many gods.At ceremonies they would play games such as a game using a rubber ball.


Hernán Cortés had arrived in the Basin of Mexico in 1517, he found that the Aztec Triple Alliance, an economic and military pact, controlled the basin and indeed much of central America. Aztecs weren't originally from the valley of Mexico so they left there simply because of the great drought.

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