Adaptive Golf By: Ronak Gohel, Thomas Conway

Why golf?

"Golf is particularly popular among middle-aged and older adults, who are generally less active than younger adults. Playing golf can provide moderate intensity physical activity and has overall positive associations with physical health and mental wellness" - Murray AD

Who can benefit from adaptive golf?

Adaptive golf can be beneficial to many individuals with serious disability such as stroke, arthritis, spinal cord injury, amputation, or muscle weakness. The beauty lies within the simplicity of the sport. Just about anyone, regardless of ability level, can grab a set of golf clubs, head outside, and in no time be hitting golf balls where no one will ever find them again.

Fundamental principles in relation to Occupational Therapy

Neurodevelopmental Theory (NDT)

"Neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) is a hands-on treatment approach that was developed to enhance the function of adults and children who have difficulty controlling movement as a result of neurological deficit. It was developed with the understanding that patients with brain injuries have a limited repertoire of movement patterns. During treatment interventions, repeated experience in movement ensures that a particular pattern is readily accessible for motor performance. The more a patient performs certain movements, the easier these movements becomes. Without NDT interventions, the patient likely will develop a limited set of movement patterns that he or she will apply to nearly all tasks. NDT should begin before such generalized movement synergies become hard-wired in the patient's brain. To achieve these objectives, therapists employ numerous techniques, including handling techniques, weight bearing over the affected limb and use of bilateral movement to normalize the movement". - Kennedy Krieger Institute

Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)

"PNF is philosophy of intervention used to address the client factors of posture, mobility, strength, effort and coordination based on mass movement patterns that are diagonal in nature and that resemble movement seen in functional activities. Major emphasis in this approach is on the developmental sequencing of movement and the balanced interplay between agonist and antagonist in producing voluntary movement" - Pedretti

Adaptive Equipments

Adaptive Tee: Tee it up / Pick it up stick

One end is designed to tee the ball and the other end is used to retrieve the ball. Fits into golf bag. Works best for golfers playing from a seated position using artificial range mats with rubber tees. Using an adaptive tee eliminates the need for trunk flexion, when placing the ball on tee.

Solo Rider

The Solo Rider golf cart is a single rider cart that allows for driver to safely pilot over any terrain. The driver is strapped into the completely moveable seat. The driver simply drives up to the ball and maneuvers the seat to the proper position.

NDT principle utilized by weight bearing on the lower extremity as well as hand over hand during set up for swing phase. The Solo Rider also takes on the burden of balance concerns.

The Quantum Grip

Quantum Grip allows grip-impaired golfers to swing the club confidently with no club slippage or twisting at impact using simple yet effective hook and loop Velcro technology. Golfers with arthritis, hand weakness, elbow injuries, stroke or brain injuries, and amputees benefit from enhanced gripping power and club stability.

Quantum Grip was invented by Patrick Pinkart, a golfer and occupational therapist from Northeast Wisconsin.

Grip Wrap Strap

  • The Grip Wrap golf training aid is an elastic strap that engrains a light grip pressure while keeping secure control of the golf club, and is an extremely useful tool for golfers who lose their left hand grip on the golf club at the top of the backswing.
  • The Grip Wrap Strap also allows for Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) by restraining the unaffected UE and forcing the pt to use affected UE.

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