Agriculture By: Lauren Pojar

First crops grown by humans: barley, wheat, olive, yams, potato, cotton, sorghum, millet, rice, & corn

The First Agricultural Revolution

The First Agricultural Revolution was the transition of humans from nomadic hunting/gathering to sedentary agricultural production of domesticated plants and animals. It began 800 BCE when people started to discover how to farm and food sources became more reliable. This greatly changed the way of life for people in ways such as allowing people to settle down and establish permanent settlements near their food.

The Second Agricultural Revolution

Agricultural benefited from the Industrial revolution's technology, causing the Second Agricultural Revolution. This Revolution increased the productivity of farming through mechanization and access to market areas due to better transportation. This increase in productivity allowed population to increase on both a local and a global scale. Today, many less developed countries are still in the Second Agricultural Revolution.

Farming became mechanized and commercial with the development of tractors and seed drills

The Third Agricultural Revolution

The Third Agricultural Revolution, also called The Green Revolution, started in the 1960s when new agricultural practices were created to help farmers all over the world. It was an international effort that was planned to eliminate hunger by improving crop performances. This plan provided new practices that allowed farmers to produce more of the same product within the same amount of land. This meant that the farmers could get more out of their land than they used to.

More advanced technology is used for farming and to increase farming yields - efficient use of land. Development of genetically engineered crops (GE) or genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

GMOs (Genetically Modified Organisms)

GMO’s, or genetically modified organisms, is a form of scientific farming where crops are pumped full of chemicals to increase yield and size of crops. It is highly debated and becoming more and more common in everyday foods. However, there are pros as well as cons.

Advantages:

1. GMOs is an effective way to provide farmers a larger profit while spending less time a resources.

2. Economically beneficial because they are used to repel pests, which prevents the need for pesticides to be used.

3. This is also known to decrease food prices due to advanced crops and lower cost. GMOs will certainly help families that cannot afford to buy the food they need for everyday living.

4. Less starvation in the world due to the fact that it cuts food prices.

5. It is more nourishing to the body, which is proven to be effective.

6. The precise evaluation and testing of GMOs crops and other products. In fact, according to research, it is safer as compared to traditional crops.

Disadvantages:

1. GMOs could be dangerous to some insects. This is because the new genes of the crops can be deadly to certain insects like butterflies that are not actually dangerous to crops.

2. The people who oppose GMOs aren’t taste good as compared to naturally produced crops.

3. It doesn’t need enough pesticide because the crop itself is dangerous to some insects.

4. The tariff, quota and trade issues may become a problem in regions and other countries.

5. Critics claim that GMOs can cause particular disease or illnesses.

6. As the major producer of GMO, it could start an issue in some population that are not agree in American way

7. Genetically modified crops may also cause a threat to the environment. This is because it is not a natural way to plant and cultivate crops.

8. Possible greed or self-indulgence of the manufacturers and companies of GMOs. This is due to the profit that can be acquired.

Subsistent Farmers produce the food that they need to survive on a daily basis. depend on crops they grow and animals they raise for their daily subsistence. enough food for themselves and families, not intended to be sold in a market.

Sustainable Farming rests on the principle that we must meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Commercial Farming is when crops are grown and animals are reared for sale in the market, that is, for commercial purposes, while in Subsistence farming crops are grown mainly for the farmer's family needs.

Fun Facts

  1. Plows were invented in the Middle East soon after agriculture began. The earliest plow, called an ard, was probably made from sharpened tree branches. The plow has been cited as one of the most important inventions in the advancement of society.
  2. Bananas are the number one fruit crop in the world. They are the 4th largest overall crop, after wheat, rice, and corn. They grow in more than 100 countries on farms. India grows more bananas than any other country.
  3. More than 6,000 different kinds of apples are grown around the world. The biggest producer is China.
  4. Livestock farming feeds billions of people and employs 1.3 billion people. That means about 1 in 5 people on Earth work in some aspect of the livestock farming.

Credits:

Created with images by tpsdave - "sunset dusk sky" • enneafive - "Ripening" • jayneandd - "Wheat" • FF16 - "olives olive tree sicily" • Efraimstochter - "millet cultivation cereals" • pasa47 - "Yams" • AlishaV - "Potatoes" • bptakoma - "cotton" • Romina Campos - "Sorgo" • caligula1995 - "PA120832 Ardenwood 20131012" • 9Bombs - "rice field farm" • Unsplash - "raspberries fruit cartons" • DominikSchraudolf - "cow pasture animal" • D H Wright - "Seed Drilling near Melton Ross" • Alexander Savin - "Corns" • conny80be - "cornflower cornfield field" • jill111 - "winter barn snow rural" • Pexels - "agriculture apples food" • condesign - "cucumbers garden harvest"

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