There is way more to hunting than just going out and killing an animal. Hunting is literacy because you must know what you are doing when you go on a hunt. The first thing that comes to mind when you think "literacy" is the ability to read and write. Literacy is so much more than that. Being literate means that a person has knowledge about something no matter what it is. In this case, hunting is literacy because you must know how to use a gun, how to plan a hunt and know about certain habitats which ties into wildlife management as well.
Hunting is considered land based knowledge because you are out on public or private land. You have to know about the area such as terrain and habitat so you will be prepared and know what to expect for when you go out on a hunt. One way that hunting is land based is because animals live on the land in which people hunt. If there are problems on that property such as over population, then they will provide more tags for that specific animal to hunt. Another solution to control the land is farmers will allow people to hunt on their property so this will not be a problem. This ties into wildlife management because they have to keep the population under control to sustain a safe and healthy habitat for animals.
Some people think that it is good to see the number of animals increased, but it is not always a good thing. If a population becomes too immense, there can be issues on farmers property. Animals can cause damage to land such as eating crops and vegetation which can destroy them and rutting up ground, crops, brush, and soil.
There are four gun rules that every hunter and gun handler should know. 1. Always keep your finger off the trigger and outside of the trigger guard until you are ready to fire. 2. Always keep the muzzle pointed in a safe direction. 3. Always assume that a gun is loaded. 4. Know what lies beyond your target. People every year don't follow or even know these rules and it is the reason why thousands of people become injured and die every year.
Unless a person is ready to shoot at their target, they should never have their finger on the trigger. Some hunters think that this rule doesn't apply to them because they have to be ready to shoot. This isn't the case and it is why guns go off unintentionally. Every hunter should keep their finger outside the trigger guard and on the frame of the gun. This keeps it from potentially going off when you are not ready to fire.
Know what lies beyond your target before you fire your gun. This also includes to never shoot uphill because it is unclear what is on the other side. What if a person pops up on top of the hill and you shoot and didn't see them? The results could be dreadful. This is also why all hunters should wear hunters orange while hunting big game. Many people beg to differ this. People every year are injured or killed because they don't wear their orange. They think that they have to be all camouflage so they won't be seen by other people and so they don't give away their hunting spot. Hunters orange is important so other hunters can see you and don't mistake you for game.
There are different rules about wearing hunters orange when hunting different animals. Waterfowl and upland bird hunting do not require a hunter to wear orange. Deer and elk require orange. This is because rifle round travel further than shotgun rounds and deer can't see orange versus ducks and upland birds can.