In the song Billy Joel sings "red China". I think he decided to put this in the song to show how China became a communist country when the communists beat the Nationalist Kuomintang Party and established the Peoples Republic on October 1, 1949.
He also says "North Korea, South Korea". I think he decided to put these lyrics in his song to show the Korean war that lasted from Jun 25, 1950 – Jul 27, 1953. The US joined the war because President Truman was afraid of the spread of communism.
Billy Joel also decided to put "H-Bomb" in his song. I think he decided to do this because the US had just developed the first hydrogen hydrogen bomb, a bomb that uses the fusion of isotopes of hydrogen. The concept of this bomb has been carried out since then by the worlds nuclear powers.
Billy Joel also says "Joseph Stalin" in his song. I think he did this because Stalin was a communist leader of the Soviet Union and he died in 1953 which is when Billy Joel dated this in his song. Stalin had been in alliance with Hitler during WWII and was an enemy during the Cold War so it was a big deal when he died.
Billy Joel also says "Einstein" in his song and it is dated at 1955 which is when Einstein had died. I think he decided to put this in his song because it was a big deal when he died because he was a great inventor and scientist.
Billy Joel also decided to put "Brooklyn's got a winning team", i think he decided to do this because the Brooklyn Dodgers had won the world series in 1955 which is when this is dated in the song.
"Elvis Presley" was also in Billy Joel's song. I think he decided to put this in his song because in 1955, which is when this part of the song is dated, Elvis was a very important musician at this time because he was the man who popularized rock and roll.
Billy Joel also put "DIsneyland" in his song and dated it to 1955. I think he did this because this is when DIsneyland opened and it was a big deal because Walt Disney was a big person at the time because of his cartoons.
"Charles Starkweather" is also in Billy Joels song, I think he put this in his song because Starkweather was a teenager who went on a killing spree where he murdered 11 people between December 1957 and January 1958. Only one of his victims survived.
Buddy Holly was a musician in the 1950's and was a big hit. I think Billy Joel decided to say Buddy Holly in his song because he died in 1959 which is when Buddy Holly died. Buddy Holly could have motivated Billy Joel into becoming a musician when he was young.
Fidel Castro was the President of Cuba from 1976 to 2008 who ran a communist country. I think Billy Joel decided to put Castro in his song because in 1959, which is when this is dated in the song, Castro was elected Prime Minister in Cuba.
John F. Kennedy was elected President of the U.S. in 1960, this is when the line "Kennedy" is dated in Billy Joel's song. I think he decided to put this in his song because Kennedy was very young to be elected president at the age of 43, so it was probably a major thing that he thought he should be in his song.