In the Democratic Republic of the Congo,
the Steering Committee of the National REDD+ Fund, headed by the Minister of Finance and including six Ministers, approved in 2018 two new integrated provincial REDD+ programmes (Kwilu and Equateur), a programme for the sustainable management of agriculture to frame agricultural production, and another on energy that will seek to reduce and substitute the demand for wood energy.
Additional funds have also been allocated to land use planning, civil society participation, land tenure and forest monitoring.
The context is challenging, but tangible results have been observed in the DRC
- forest emission reference levels were submitted to the Climate Convention
- major deforestation events for the 2000-2010-2014 period are now known
- supply and demand in seeds and nurseries are better organized, and the first dwarf palm tree nurseries and cassava demonstration field established
- the Technical Support Cell on Land-Use Planning is now 10-expert strong, and has produced a study on the legal context for land-use planning
- The Tenure Reform Commission is operational. It led a 2nd draft of the tenure policy, with inputs from Indigenous peoples, and a guide to define provincial strategies on land tenure
- the Forests General Directorate launched consultations to establish a National Council and Technical platform on forest governance
- information about programmes is featured on national TV and community radios, and accessible on the National REDD+ Fund website
- a risk management matrix and a stakeholder consultation guide produced by civil society are applied in all programmes of the National REDD+ Fund.
In the Republic of Congo, commitment is at the highest level
The Prime Minister leads on monitoring the implementation of the National Investment Framework and land use reforms. He set up an intersectorial group under his supervision to work closely with CAFI.
In this policy dialogue, CAFI is represented by France's Ambassador and the Head of Delegation of the European Union.
The National Investment Framework is exhaustive
It sets the priority measures and policies for the sustainable management of lands and natural resources. In June 2018, the CAFI Executive Board considered that the NIF was a good basis for negotiating a Letter of Intent in 2019.
Its commitments are ambitious
- a ban on forest conversion for agricultural activities or above 5 hectares, taken by an inter-Ministerial decree
- a commitment to protect peatlands
- improvements in law enforcement in the forest sector
Our partner country with the highest forest cover (93%) was able, with CAFI support, to quantify forest cover loss and understand its current and future drivers of deforestation et degradation. These studies allowed the elaboration of its National REDD+ Strategy, now validated nationally.
This Strategy aims at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from LULUCF by 20% by 2030 (compared to 2010) and by 50% in 2050, in line with its Nationally Determined Contribution.
To do so, the Strategy aims at maintaining forest cover at 93%, and at reducing the annual forest degradation rate from the current 0.9% to 0.45%.