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CENTRAL AFRICAN FOREST INITIATIVE Achievements since 2015

It's been 3 years since CAFI was launched.

What are its results ?

In the Democratic Republic of the Congo,

the Steering Committee of the National REDD+ Fund, headed by the Minister of Finance and including six Ministers, approved in 2018 two new integrated provincial REDD+ programmes (Kwilu and Equateur), a programme for the sustainable management of agriculture to frame agricultural production, and another on energy that will seek to reduce and substitute the demand for wood energy.

Additional funds have also been allocated to land use planning, civil society participation, land tenure and forest monitoring.

In total, 132 million dollars have been directed to DRC since the creation of the National REDD+ Fund (including 84 million for the 1st tranche) to support key reforms on land use planning, sustainable agriculture, energy and land tenure, as well as for support to civil society and indigenous peoples.

In provinces with high deforestation and strong rural development potential (Mai Ndombé, ex-Orientale, Sud Ubangui, Kwilu, Equateur), rural communities and territorial entities are supported to sustainably manage and use natural resources.

CAFI also supports the deployment of systems to follow the impact of these activities (National Forest Monitoring System, deforestation alerts) and supports the Secretariat of the National REDD+ Fund.

In total, this represents at least 40 million tons of CO2 emission reduction over the next 5 years.

What does this supports look like on the ground ? For example:

172 000 hectares of sustainable subsistence agriculture, 11 000 hectares of agroforestry and 17 000 hectares of perennial crops, including over 7000 hectares in savannas
over 600 000 hectares of community forestry
over 250 0000 households that will adopt clean cooking solutions, 10 000 hectares of wood energy plantations, and close to 70 000 hectares set aside for natural regeneration

that should be achieved by the end of the programmes.

The context is challenging, but tangible results have been observed in the DRC

  • forest emission reference levels were submitted to the Climate Convention
  • major deforestation events for the 2000-2010-2014 period are now known
  • supply and demand in seeds and nurseries are better organized, and the first dwarf palm tree nurseries and cassava demonstration field established
  • the Technical Support Cell on Land-Use Planning is now 10-expert strong, and has produced a study on the legal context for land-use planning
  • The Tenure Reform Commission is operational. It led a 2nd draft of the tenure policy, with inputs from Indigenous peoples, and a guide to define provincial strategies on land tenure
  • the Forests General Directorate launched consultations to establish a National Council and Technical platform on forest governance
  • information about programmes is featured on national TV and community radios, and accessible on the National REDD+ Fund website
  • a risk management matrix and a stakeholder consultation guide produced by civil society are applied in all programmes of the National REDD+ Fund.

In Gabon,

the Government, with support of the French Development Agency, has elaborated an 18 million dollars programme, whose funding was approved by CAFI in June 2018.

This programme will support the finalization of a National Land Use Plan (PNAT) and a system to monitor forests and natural resources.

The PNAT itself is included in a Letter of Intent between Gabon and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and will be jointly monitored.

CAFI's financial support will allow Gabon to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by 2025, as defined in its Intended Nationally Determined contribution (INDC), and to protect 23 million hectares of forests. In its agreement with CAFI, Gabon also committed to not convert its High Carbon Stock (HCS) and High Conservation Value (HCV) forests, and to a maximum of 10,000 hectares of conversion of non-HCS and non-HCV forests.

what else?

In the Republic of Congo, commitment is at the highest level

The Prime Minister leads on monitoring the implementation of the National Investment Framework and land use reforms. He set up an intersectorial group under his supervision to work closely with CAFI.

In this policy dialogue, CAFI is represented by France's Ambassador and the Head of Delegation of the European Union.

The National Investment Framework is exhaustive

It sets the priority measures and policies for the sustainable management of lands and natural resources. In June 2018, the CAFI Executive Board considered that the NIF was a good basis for negotiating a Letter of Intent in 2019.

Its commitments are ambitious

  • a ban on forest conversion for agricultural activities or above 5 hectares, taken by an inter-Ministerial decree
  • a commitment to protect peatlands
  • improvements in law enforcement in the forest sector

and CAFI strengthens coordination with partners,

by working closely with the African Palm Oil initiative (Brazzaville Forum) under the Tropical Forest Alliance 2020, the VPA-FLEGT process, and the Global Peatlands Initiative (signature of the Brazzaville Declaration).

Equatorial Guinea

Our partner country with the highest forest cover (93%) was able, with CAFI support, to quantify forest cover loss and understand its current and future drivers of deforestation et degradation. These studies allowed the elaboration of its National REDD+ Strategy, now validated nationally.

This Strategy aims at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from LULUCF by 20% by 2030 (compared to 2010) and by 50% in 2050, in line with its Nationally Determined Contribution.

To do so, the Strategy aims at maintaining forest cover at 93%, and at reducing the annual forest degradation rate from the current 0.9% to 0.45%.

On the global scene,

Through events and advocacy in international summits, CAFI has furthered the dialogue between governments, civil society and experts on topics such as land use planning and sustainable forest management in the sub-region.

CAFI works at ensuring that the international donor community is fully aware of the importance of Central African forests as the 2nd largest tropical forest in the world - 225 million hectares, or the area of Western Europe - and its invaluable source of carbon, biodiversity and livelihoods. This region lost 14 million hectares of forest cover since 2000, a trend that has largely accelerated over the past 5 years.

The European Union has committed in 2018 to contribute 15 million euros to the CAFI Fund, joining Norway and France as donors to the Initiative.

What to expect in 2019 ?

an agreement on a Letter of Intent with the Republic of Congo ;

more results and new programmes in DRC and Gabon ;

Cameroun's and Equatorial Guinea's National Investment frameworks ;

and the One Planet Summit and Climate Action Summit to further strengthen Central African countries' ambitions for climate and forests.

www.cafi.org

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