Aperture is the ‘opening in the lens’. The aperture opens to allow light in to the lens. Aperture is measured in f-stops and the higher the f-stop, the smaller the hole. Aperture affects the depth of field of the image. A larger aperture means that the depth of field is greater and more of the image is in focus. A smaller aperture means that things at a closer distance is in focus while the background is blurred. Having a lower depth of field is good if the photographer wants people to focus on a certain point of the image.
The Exposure Triangle
The exposure triangle is a reference that photographers use to balance the exposure when taking images. If you change one of the settings then you have to alter the other settings to get the correct exposure.
Examples of different exposure settings
Rules of Composition
Rule of Thirds
The ‘Rule of Thirds’ is where you separate the frame into thirds making 9 equal sections. Photographers set up their shots based on these guidelines. When this rule is used, the main focus of the image is set up along these lines or on the intersections.
Symmetry and Pattern
Symmetry is where a line can be placed through the image and either side of that line are the same or very similar. Symmetry can be found through natural and man-made objects. Symmetry brings balance and proportion to an image.
Viewpoints are the angle and position where the photograph was taken. A lower angle looking up can add a sense of superiority if it is an image of a person. A high viewpoint adds a sense of distance to the image.
Leading lines leads the viewer towards a specific point of the image that the photographer wants them to focus on. Leading lines acts as a path for the viewers eyes to follow. Leading lines makes it so wherever the viewer looks, they will always end up on to the focus point by following the lines.
Framing draws attention towards a certain element by blocking out other parts of the image using the scenery. Framing adds depth to an image and the photographer can make the viewer focus on a specific point.
'My Name' Project
We were tasked to find different objects in the shape of letters of our name.
To help us get a better understanding of how important lighting is and how different angles can give different effects we were given an egg, paper and a lamp. We had to place the lamp at different angles and take images of the egg.
Over the Easter holidays, we were set with the task to go out and take different images based on a theme. The three themes to choose from were Movement, Night or Form, Texture and Pattern. I chose to go with the night theme.