Syrian Civil War Megan Cox

What is the Syrian Civil War?

In March of 2011 peaceful protests were going on in Syria. After 15 boys were detained and tortured for have written graffiti in support of The Arab Spring. One boy was tortured to death

The president of Syria, Bashar al-Assad, responded to these protests by killing hundreds of people in a few days and then kills thousands more throughout the war.

What caused this war?

Bashar al-Assad’s father ruled Syria as president from 1970-2000 and then he passed away and his son Bashar al-Assad took over in July 2000 and has been since.

A group of people called the rebels don't want al-Assad to be in power anymore so people starting protesting, and so did the rebels. That's why the boys drew the graffiti, to make a point.

All this and the protests causing the anti-regime uprising in March 2011, causing the Syrian Civil War.

Who is Involved?

This war is happening between many groups and countries in the middle east plus some outside, the map above shows you what groups and countries are supporting who.

How is each country involved?

Russia: Is one of the Syrian President's most important international backers and the survival of their system is critical to maintaining Russian interests in the country. Russia has been supplying weapons to Syria despite international criticism.

United States: The US has accused president Assad for widespread atrocities and says he must go. Since September 2014 the US has been conducting air strikes on the Islamic State(IS) and other jihadist groups as a part of an international alliance against the jihadist group

Saudi Arabia: The Sunni-ruled Gulf kingdom says "President Assad cannot be part of a solution to the conflict and must hand over power to a transitional administration or be removed by force." Saudi Arabia provides military and financial assistance to a lot of rebel groups in Syria. They are apart of the international alliance against the IS.

Turkey: President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has said it was impossible for Syrians to "accept a dictator who has led to the deaths of up to 350,000 people". Turkey has ld calls for Assad to step down ever since the Syrian uprise started. Turkey agreed to let the US led alliance, against IS to use their air bases for strikes on Syria after an IS bomb attack in July 2015.

Iran: Iran has been providing military advisors and weapons for President Assad. Assad is Iran's is Arab's Closest ally and Syria is the main shipment point for Iran's weapon shipments to the Hezbollah.

What are some major events?

March 15, 2011: pro-democracy protests started and Many teenagers got arrested and tortured because of graffiti that supported The New Assad. Syria security forces killed several people. This triggered protest demands about president Assad’s resignation.

May 18, 2011: The United states got involved by imposing threats for disobeying their rules against the Syrian president and six other Syrian officials. Later in August the United States prohibit americans to make any transactions related to Syrian petroleum products and other things, also prohibiting them from making investments in the country.

August 2, 2012: UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon says "The use of chemical weapons in Syria is a crime against humanity and must be punished."

October 3, 2012: Five people were killed in a town of turkey on the border of turkey and Syria. Turkey responds by firing on Syria, then their parliament authorizes a resolution and give the government permission to deploy the soldiers to foreign countries.

November 11, 2012: Israel starts fighting when a mortar shell hits their military base, they start by firing warning shots on Syria.

2013: President Assad agreed to completely destroy Syria’s chemical weapons arsenal.

June 2013: The Obama administration says that “Syria has crossed the red line” with its use of chemical weapons against the rebels. The rebel have been calling for the US and other to provide arms needed to fight Assad’s forces.

Early 2014: The civil war wasn’t just between people who are for or against President Assad. A radical militant group called the islamic State(IS) which uses violence against anyone that doesn’t agree with them. The IS have been taking over parts of Syria and Iraq.

June 2014: Islamic state took over larges areas of Syria and Iraq

September 2014: The United States led an alliance/coalition to launch air strikes on Syria to “ultimately destroy” Islamic State.

September 14-15, 2015: A spokesperson in the pentagon says the Russian military is attempting to set up an operating base in western syria. The Russian president says that they are supporting the Syrian government in its fight against ISIS

September 17, 2015: The US led alliance airstrikes intending to hit ISIS but kills 62 Syrian soldiers

February 15, 2016: The Defense Department might propose that the US might send forces for the first time to speed up the fight against ISIS. The decision is up to Donald Trump.

The war is still going on...

What has this war caused?

2 million children are out of school

4 out of 5 people are living in poverty

The UN says that 1 out of 3 people can't meet their food needs and people aren't able to get drinking water

The UN says that Syria will need 3.2 billion dollars to help the 13.5 million people and 6 million children. Might require humanitarian assistance, which could cost more

By June 2013 90,000 people were killed and in August 2015 250,000 were killed

http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/news-video/remembering-aleppo-before-syrias-civil-war-tore-through-the-city/article33323964/

Citations:

Abdelaziz, Salma. “Syrians Protesting .” Aleppo, Syria , 2 Apr. 2011.

Al Jazeera. “Syria's Civil War Explained from the Beginning.” Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera Media Network, 7 Feb. 2017, www.aljazeera.com/news/2016/05/syria-civil-war-explained-160505084119966.html. Accessed 4 Apr. 2017.

Asher-Schapiro, Avi. “Boys Graffiti.” Syria , 15 Mar. 2016.

BBC. “Syria Crisis: Where Key Countries Stand.” BBC News, BBC, 30 Oct. 2015, www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-23849587. Accessed 1 Apr. 2017.

Belfast Telegraph. “Children Outside Tent.” Marj, Lebanon , 6 Jan. 2015.

Brabo, Manu. “Dad Holding Son .” Dar El Shifa Hospital , 3 Oct. 2012.

Brown , Gordan. “Children Holding Hands.” Lebanon , 13 Jan. 2016.

CNN. “Syrian Civil War Fast Facts.” CNN, Cable News Network, 18 Feb. 2017, www.cnn.com/2013/08/27/world/meast/syria-civil-war-fast-facts/. Accessed 2 Apr. 2017.

The Globe and Mail Inc., director. Remembering Aleppo before Syria's Civil War Tore through the City. The Globe and Mail Inc., 14 Dec. 2016, www.theglobeandmail.com/news/news-video/remembering-aleppo-before-syrias-civil-war-tore-through-the-city/article33323964/. Accessed 2 Apr. 2017.

Karwashan, Youssef. “Residence Fleeing .” Aleppo, Syria , 8 Dec. 2016.

Khabieh, Bassam. “Defense Member Sitting on Pieces of Building.” Damascus, 7 Nov. 2016.

Manzano, Javier. “Smoke Rising .” Aleppo, Syria , 1 Dec. 2012.

Mohammed al Khatieb, Mohammed al. “Fruit Vendor .” Sharr Neighborhood , 24 Feb. 2014.

Pitarakis, Lefteris. “Blown up City.” Syrian Border, 19 May 2015.

"Syria: no way in, no way out." Daily Times [Lahore, Pakistan], 18 Feb. 2016. Global Issues in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A443508661/GIC?u=nhais_hsao&xid=a01c991c. Accessed 4 Apr. 2017.

"Syrian Civil Unrest." Global Issues in Context Online Collection, Gale, 2016. Global Issues in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/CP3208520407/GIC?u=nhais_hsao&xid=4a68839f. Accessed 4 Apr. 2017.

Wikipedia, editor. “Map Countries Involved .” 28, 28 Sept. 2015.

Zorthian, Julia. “Syria: Who's Fighting Who.” Time, Time, 7 Oct. 2015, time.com/4059856/syria-civil-war-explainer/. Accessed 4 Apr. 2017.

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