Government Overview Grace Krumwiede

Monarchy

A form of government lead by a king,queen,or emperor.

Queen of England

When did it start?

4th century Britian

What are some countries using it

UK

Sweden

Denmark

Spain

Japan

Pros & Cons?

Pros:

-No election expenses

-Smooth sailing government

-People have respect for their leader.

-Less corruption

Cons:

Only one person,family or body left in charge.

Monarchs live and expensive lifestyle.

Oligarchy:

A small privileged group that runs the country. (rich)

When did it start?

560 B.C.

What are some countries using it?

UK

Sweden

Denmark

Spain

Japan

Pros & Cons?

Pros:

-Rapid decisions are made.

Cons:

-No change to status quo.

-Free speech falls through because you may not insult your leader.

-Middle class is squeezed out of the class ranks.

-Women can gain position of power.

Republic

Ruled by a representative of the citizen body.

Abraham Lincoln:16th president,republican,represented the citizens of America

When did it start?

509 B.C.

What are some countries using it?

Australia

Austria

Pros & Cons

Pros:

-Increased Liberty Laws

Cons:

-Mass Corruption

-Government inefficiency

Socialism

*Idea of how to run a government*

Limits individual ownership and believes all resources should be shared equally and that everyone is equal.

When did it start?

1849

What are some countries using it?

Demark

Norway

Sweden

Pros & Cons

Pros:

-Every citizen has access to education and health care

-Classless society

-Allows for balance in wealth and earnings.

Cons:

-Every citizen has access to education and health care

-Classless society

-Allows for balance in wealth and earnings

Anarchy

Every person is left to fend for themselves.

When did it start?

1840

What are some countries using it?

Iceland

Afghanistan

Pros & Cons:

Pros:

-No corrupt government

-More freedom

-No taxes

Cons:

-No crime punishment

-Could turn into survival of the fittest at any moment

-Vulnerable to violence

-No structure

-No authority figures

Communism

*Idea of how to run a government*

A government lead by one person or a small group of leaders.

When did it start?

19th Century

What are some countries using it?

China

Cuba

North Korea

Russia

Ukrane

Pros & Cons:

Pros:

-Can do away all class systems

-Dramatically decreases unemployment rates

-Provides citizens with basic needs

- Can pave the way for a strong safe country.

Cons:

-Anti-Ambition

-Fuels poverty

-Constraints citizens voices

Democracy

A system of government where citizens exercise power directly or elects representatives.

Americas 44th president,president elect of 2008

When did it start?

507 B.C.

What are some countries using it?

USA

South Africa

Poland

Pros & Cons:

Pros:

-By the people for the people

-Involves citizens

-Imposes equality

Cons:

-May cause minorities to get the short end

-May experience election fraud.

Dictatorship

Government run by one person that makes all of the calls.

Kim Jong-Dictator of North Korea

When did it start?

510 B.C.

What are some countries using it?

China

Cuba

North Korea

Credits:

Created with images by indi.ca - "Lanka Government Office Files"

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