The Connection Between the March on Washington and the Women's March By: Kenedi Deutschman

THE MARCH ON WASHINGTON

https://goo.gl/onMHNe Image of citizens marching in Washington D.C. for the freedom of Jobs and Segregation in 1963.

Background Information

Date: August 28, 1963 in Washington D.C.

What led to the event: The march was called “The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom”. The racial segregation in schools, community buildings, streets, transport and the work force were the reason for the march.

Goals for the March

Event's purpose: To end discrimination in the United States by pushing President Kennedy and the Supreme Court to pass a law banning it.

https://goo.gl/cauygn Image of Civil Rights Act Silver Dollar indicating the date of the law passing

Involvement

Demographics: About 250,000 people attended the march (Nammour, 2003).

Important People:

  1. Martin Luther King Jr.
  2. A. Philip Randolph
  3. Whitney M. Young Jr., James Farmer, Roy Wilkins, John Lewis
  4. Bayard Rustin

Martin Luther King (B.1929-D.1968) Pictured at the March on Washington in Washington D.C. Lincoln Memorial in 1963.

A. Philip Randolph (B.1889-D.1979) Pictured in 1942.

Whitney M. Young Jr. (B.1921-D.1971)

James Farmer (B.1920-D.1999)

Roy Wilkins (B.1901-D.1981)

John Lewis (B.1940-)

Bayard Rustin (B.1912-D.1987)

How they impacted the March on Washington:

  1. Bayard Rustin was the chief and organizer of the group
  2. Young, Farmer, Wilkins and Lewis were the other leaders of the group
  3. Martin Luther King Jr. was a leader and speaker for the march and delivered the "I Have a Dream" speech at the Lincoln Memorial
  4. A. Philip Randolph first introduced the march in 1941

Obstacles They had to Overcome

Obstacles: The marchers protested peacefully with non-violence; however, the planning for the march and risk of being attacked had to be taken care of ahead of time and was expensive. According to Chris Nammour, writer for PBS Newshour Extra, "The organizers of the march had to make sure people had a way of getting into the city. They had to make sure marchers knew where to go and what to do once they got there. They had to have doctors and nurses in case anyone needed first aid. They had to provide water, security, and be ready for any emergency. And they needed some way to pay for all of it. It was going to take fund raising, planning and lots of work" (Nammour, 2003).

How they overcame the obstacles:

  1. They had nurses and doctors standby in case of violence and need of first aid
  2. They provided water and security in case of emergency
  3. They held fundraising to raise money for the march

Outcome

How does this event impact today? This march influenced the law “The Civil Rights Act” to pass, leading to the end of discrimination and the beginning of equal and integrated community

What are the lasting effects of this event? It helped end discrimination, it gave power to African Americans to stand up for themselves as well as become powerful leaders. It also marked the day Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.

THE WOMEN'S MARCH

Pictured at the Women's March

Background Information

Dates: November 8, 2016 and January 21, 2017.

What led to the event: Teresa Shook came up with the idea for the march after Donald Trump had been elected President on November 8, 2016. According to Nina Agrawal, writer for the Los Angeles Times, Shook states "'I went to bed the night of the election just discouraged and woke up feeling worse the next day thinking, 'How could this be?' I was just sad and dumbfounded,” Shook told a local TV station. She decided to do something about it. The next night, with some help from friends online, the retired attorney and grandmother living in Hawaii created a Facebook event page calling for a march on Washington after Trump’s inauguration. Before she went to bed, she had about 40 responses. When she woke up, she had more than 10,000" (Agrawal, 2017).

Goals for the March

Event's Purpose: To end discrimination of women (as well as race, nationality and sexuality) and make abortion legal

Involvement

Demographics: The New York Times estimated at least 470,000 people attended the women's march (Parlapiano and Wallace, 2017).

Important People:

  1. Teresa Shook
  2. Bob Bland
  3. Tamika Mallory
  4. Carmen Perez
  5. Linda Sarsour
The Women's March Organizer's (Pictures from Left to Right: Tamika Mallory, Bob Bland, Carmen Perez, Linda Sarsour) Photograph by Jody Rogac

How they impacted the march:

  1. Teresa Shook was one of the first to request a march.
  2. Bland, Tamika, Carmen, and Linda are members of the Women's March Organization and leaders in the Women's March.

Obstacles They had to Overcome

Obstacles: "No arrests were made during the Women's March on Washington" (Seipel, 2017). The Hill writer Brooke Seipel stated in her article Women's March on Washington Yields Zero Arrest: Report. However, women face discrimination in life everyday before and after the march.

How they overcame the obstacles: The march gave voice to women who couldn't stand up for themselves in the workplace or in their homes. Many women voiced on social media the everyday sexism they faced which influenced the march's reason to exist.

Outcome

How does this event impact the world? The Women's March influenced women to be who they are, work for what they want, and stand up for what they believe in.

What are the lasting legacies of the event? The attendance of the march and the integrity of women left a mark on history.

Pictured at the Women's March

The Connection Between the Two Marches

Similarities

Both event's goal was to end discrimination and segregation

  • Women's March was to end discrimination of women
  • March on Washington was to end discrimination of African-Americans

Both event's planned for violence, health, security, and transport

Both event's experienced discrimination or violence before the march

References

15 Tweets That Reveal the 'Everyday Sexism' Women Face, From Cradle to Grave . (2016). Retrieved April 24, 2017, from http://www.takepart.com/article/2016/04/04/everyday-sexism

Agrawal, N. (2017, January 21). How the Women's March Came Into Being.Retrieved April 24, 2017, from http://www.latimes.com/nation/la-na-pol- womens-march-live-how-the-women-s-march-came-into-1484865755- htmlstory.html?scrlybrkr=067a6c9c

http://bcove.me/5fr4uu6y (Video for Teresa Shook)

MLK I Have A Dream Speech [Video file]. (2008). Teacher Tube. Retrieved April 24, 2017, from http://www.teachertube.com/video/mlk-i-have-a-dream-speech-20916?scrlybrkr=6f781daa

Speil, B. (2017, January 22). Women's March on Washington Yields Zero Arrests: Report. Retrieved April 24, 2017, from http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/315529-womens-march-on-washington-yields-zero-arrests-report?scrlybrkr=f1eb8785

Wallace, T., & Parlapiano, A. (2017, January 22). Crowd Scientists Say Women's March in Washington Had 3 Times as Many People as Trump's Inauguration. Retrieved April 24, 2017, from https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/01/22/us/politics/womens-march-trump-crowd-estimates.html?_r=1

Created By
Kenedi Deutschman
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Credits:

Created with images by mollyktadams - "Women's March on Washington - 1/21/17"

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