Period 8 1945-1980

"Iron curtain" speech (1946)

Speech given by Winston Churchill after the end of world war 2. This began the Cold War and asked for US and U.K. To work together.

Marshall plan (1947)

After the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall plan was an American plan to help Europe recover from World War 2.

Containment (1947)

Foreign policy by Truman based on principle that communist government will fall apart as long as it's stopped from expanding.

Taft-Hartley act (1947)

a United States federal law that restricts the activities and power of labor unions.

Berlin airlift (1948)

An airlift of food and supplies to people in West Berlin after Russians blocked it off from supplies.

Military integrated (1948)

President truman abolished racial discrimination in the United States Armed Forces and eventually led to the end of segregation in the services.

NATO (1949)

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization between US and Europe to make ties to fight off communism and Warsaw Pact.

Communist controls china (1949)

During second Chinese civil war and communist take over nationalist government. US supported in preventing communism.

Korean War (1950-1953)

Began when soldiers of communist North Korea crossed the 38th parallel into republic of South Korea and first military action of communism. America took action in helping fight back.

McCarthyism (1950-1954)

Campaign started in US by Joseph McCarthy in finding government federal workers who were accused of supporting communism. Many lost their jobs even though they did were not communist.

22nd amendment (1951)

This amendment added to constitution limited the presidents to serve two terms max.

Brown v. Board of education (1954)

Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.

Vietnam divided (1955)

Also beginning of Vietnam war, Vietnam was divided into communist North Vietnam against south Vietnam that was allied with the US.

Montgomery bus boycott (1955)

A racial protest against the Montgomery bus system which got shut down and reopened by getting rid of segregation rules.

Sputnik (1957)

First artificial earth satellite launched by Russia. First satellite to orbit the earth and encouraged for American technology advancement.

Eisenhower doctrine (1957)

Doctrine by Eisenhower that opened any country to ask for military or economic assistance especially in Middle East, to fight against communism.

First U.S satellite (1958)

Explorer 1 was the first satellite of the United States, launched as part of its participation in the International Geophysical Year.

NASA (1958)

National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA was started in 1958 as a part of the United States government. NASA is in charge of U.S. science and technology that has to do with airplanes or space.

Civil rights act (1960)

a United States federal law that established federal inspection of local voter registration polls and introduced penalties for anyone who obstructed someone's attempt to register to vote.

Freedom riders (1961)

Started by a group of African Americans and white civil activists. A series of bus trips through the American South to protest segregation in interstate bus terminals.

Bay of pigs (1961)

a CIA-financed and -trained group of Cuban refugees lands in Cuba and attempts to topple the communist government of Fidel Castro.

Cuban missile crisis (1962)

An intense time during the Cold War, A confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union in 1962 over the presence of missile sites in Cuba.

Civil rights march on Washington (1963)

Largest demonstration march for freedom and jobs by 250,000 people. Included important people such as Martin Luther king.

JFK assasination (1963)

One of the most shocking events in history, JFK was shot in an open convertible inDallas allegedly by Oswald. Killed 30 minutes later.

24th amendment (1964)

Abolished all taxes in some states to cast a national electoral vote.

War On poverty (1964)

A set of government programs, designed to help poor Americans, begun by President Lyndon Johnson in 1964.

Gulf of Tonkin (1964

also known as the USS Maddox incident, drew the U.S. more directly into the Vietnam War. It involved two separate confrontations involving North Vietnam and the United States in the waters of the Gulf of Tonkin.

Great society (1964)

a set of domestic programs in the United States launched by Democratic President Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964–65. The main goal was the elimination of poverty and racial injustice

Operation rolling thunder in Vietnam (1965-1968)

A gradual series of aerial bombardment by US navy, Air Force, and republic of Vietnam against north Vietnam.

Malcolm X assasinated (1965)

Shot and killed before delivering a speech for a new organization he organized. Known mostly as a outspoken activist.

N.O.W formed (1966)

National Organization for Women. A major feminist organization, when the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission failed to enforce a clause in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender.

Detroit riot (1967)

one of the worst riots in U.S. history breaks out on 12th Street in the heart of Detroit’s predominantly African-American inner city.

Robert Kennedy and MLK assasinated (1968)

RFK was assasinated during his run for presidency and Martin Luther king was a civil rights leader assasinated the same year.

First man on the moon (1969)

Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins were the astronauts on Apollo 11 which was the first to land on the moon.

Vietnamization (1970)

a policy of the Richard Nixon administration to end U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War through a program to "expand, equip, and train South Vietnam's forces and assign to combat north Vietnam forces.

Massacre at Kent state (1970)

the shooting of unarmed college students protesting the Vietnam War at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio, by members of the Ohio National Guard on May 4, 1970.

EPA established (1970)

Environmental protection agency gave a a variety of federal research, monitoring, standard-setting and enforcement activities to ensure environmental protection.

SALT talks (1972)

Conferences regarding limitating arms control regarding the United States and Soviet Union during Cold War.

Nixon visits china (1972)

Nixons open visit to china was the beginning of trying to normalize relations between the two countries, and become one of the first communist countries to visit.

Watergate (1972)

A political White House scandal in which a department office was broken into during presidential elections. Nixon was accused and found guilty but resigned before he would get impeached.

Roe v. Wade (1973)

Supreme courts ruling that women have their own medical right including the right to abortion. Angered many traditional conservatives and Christians.

US forces out of vietnam (1973)

Peace treaty signed between north and south vietnam and stated the exit of American soldiers out of Vietnam but continuing to aid in military.

Nixon resigned, fords pardon (1974)

After Nixon resigned because of the watergate scandal, he was never punished as new president Ford pardoned all of Nixon accusations.

Fall of Vietnam (1975)

The fall of Saigon, capital city of south Vietnam to communist north marked an end to a violent war.

Camp David accords (1978)

Treaty signed at White House between Israel prime minister and Egypt president marking a peace treaty between the two countries.

Panama Canal treaties (1978)

Two treaties signed in panama under jimmy carter, first declared canal neutrality and open to all vessels. Second declared US joint control of canal until 1999.

SALT 2 (1979)

Finished unresolved talks from SALT 1 in 1972, carter and Brezhnev limited a number of nuclear weapons but this didn't stop the race between the two countries and kept them in threat.

U.S recognizes china (1979)

President Jimmy Carter states that as of January 1, 1979, the United States will formally recognize the communist People’s Republic of China (PRC) and sever relations with Taiwan.

American embassy occupied in Iran (1979)

60 American hostages were taken for 444 days after president jimmy carter allowed Irans shah, to come to US for cancer treatment after he was hated by Iran.

USSR invaded Afghanistan (1979-1989)

The Soviet Union tried to invade Afghanistan to turn into communism but a group of military forces known as mujahideen, who were funded by US, fought back and kept communism out.

U.S boycott olympics, withdraw SALT 2 (1980)

Because of Soviet Union invasion on Afghanistan and continuation of attempting to spread communism, U.S refused to go to Russia for olympics and withdrew from SALT 2


Created with images by History In An Hour - "Joseph McCarthy"

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