Woman in the ART the power of female beauty from ancient times until today; Venus as aν archetype

Task 11 for the Learning event 2017: Learning in a Museum EXPERT: Daniela Bunea 12. Museum-based transnational collaborative learning activities (11-13 March 2017)

Αuthor teachers: Litsa Glarou, Greece and Eleni Kada, Greece

About the project

Explores the female beauty from ancient times until nowadays, as presented in Art, Sculpture and Painting.


  • The standards of female beauty over the years.
  • The social conditions that create the beauty standards.
  • The position of women in History and in Art.

Work Process

  • Students will be devided in groups of four.
  • Photo gallery with sculptures and paintings on female beauty.
  • Study and commentary.
  • Connection with lessons: History, Art and Theatre.

Dramatization and representation: The paintings and sculptures get alive and tell their story.

Creative Writing (αs acrostic with the name of a painting or α sculpture )

Indicative Web 2.0 tools: Power point, prezi, artsteps, fotobabble, smore, buncee, mystorybook and other digital tools.

Woman in Ancient Times - Worship of female deities
1. Mother Goddess of Fertility 2. Museum of Cycladic Art 3. τhe small snake goddess the goddess holds a snake in each hand and has a small panther on her head from the palace at Κnossos 4. Ancient Minoan art showing the typical female bare-breasted style of dress

The female figure was central in religious art (wall-paintings, snake goddesses, naked goddess). The religion of the period focused on the worship of a female deity with a fertility aspect (figurines with large breasts from Kea, snake goddess, etc.). The stress placed on femininity through the naked breasts, elegant dress, coiffure, and jewellery, also used to be considered an expression of social ease liberty. However, the dress was probably of ritual character and related to the symbolism of fertility. On the other hand, the elegant dress conceivably points to some change in the social identity of women. The emphasis placed on makeup and lavish accessories, together with the decline in the maternal element in the iconography apparently expressed a new ideal of femininity: the woman was no longer depicted as a mother but as an attractive erotic companion. Female sexuality was no longer projected in its fertility aspect as in previous periods, but gave symbolic legitimacy to the woman’s dependence on the man.

Aphrodite of Milos (Greek: Αφροδίτη της Μήλου)
The Birth of Venus is a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli. It depicts the goddess Venus, having emerged from the sea as a fully grown woman, arriving at the sea-shore . The painting is held in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.
Women and stereotypes
1. Alekos Fassianos Fundatia Culturala Greaca - 2. Jane Avril (1899 Poster, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec - 3 Frida Kahlo self portrait with curly hair
1. Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer’s 2. Portrait of a Woman with Hat by Amedeo Modigliani 3. Dancers at the Bar, 2001 by Fernando Botero 4. Gustav Klimt Adele-Bloch-Bauer
The goddesses of Hollywood
Andy Warhol Flower Image

Interesting links: https://www.1st-art-gallery.com/Portraits/Women.html



Expected Results

  • Partner schools will prepare a common e-presentation with paitings.
  • Using Artsteps they will make a virtual gallery.
  • Each group will create a video about the painters the paintings.
  • Feedback: Each partner school make comments on other's presentation on the Twispace Forums.


Final evaluation of the project using Google docs.


Created By
Litsa Glarou

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