Canada In 2050 Changing populations assignment by: Navjit Sappal


Hi, my name is Navijt and today I will be telling you how Canada will look like in 2050. I will be going over immigration, demographics, birth trends, death trends, natural increase, immigration trends and more. I will also be telling you about the first nations and how my life will look in that time.


Right now, 1 in 5 of all Canadians were born in a different country outside of Canada. Almost every year Canada receives about 250 thousand new immigrants. By this you can tell that Canada relies mostly on Immigrants, this has been since the early 1600's. Currently Canada is looking for young workers that are skilled and ready for work. Because the working age in Canada is growing short in terms of population. So there is a labor deficit. Which is basically saying that there is not enough people in the working industry.


In the coming years, the growth is expected to continue to increase. Canada could have about 42.5 million people living here by the year 2056. Canada's population is also expected to decrease because of the lack in in natural increase. Therefore, migratory increase still remains the key point of population growth for the next 50 years. Parents are choosing to have less children or even deciding to have children later on in life. No one really has the urge to have children in Canada. The reason behind this is people in Canada have a good education and also access to world class healthcare. Another reason is also that the government is insufficiently providing financial support for new parents. Canada's current birth rate is 1.63. In the future there would probably be more retired citizens than adults. Basically this means that, in 2050 Canada will have a slower growing population, around at least 40 million people in the country, a birth rate of 1.0 per fertile female.

This graph shows that the baby boomers (60-40) are retiring because of their current age status. This also shows the birth rate for the age/year.

First Nations

The aboriginal people had an identity of 1,00,685 people in 2011. This represents a total of 4.3% of Canada's total population. In 2006, aboriginal people accounted for at least 3.8% of the total population, 3.3% in 2001 and 2.8 in 1996.

This graph shows that Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta and British Columbia had the most identity of aboriginal people. And that PEI and Yukon had the lowest.

The aboriginal population is estimated to be 7% of Canada's total population by 2050. Aboriginal population growth is increasing faster than others. This may affect Canada by increasing the rate of poverty and homelessness if the levels of education stay the same by the aboriginals. This is highly unlikely due to the fact that they are improving. Also, it is expected that most of the aboriginal population will have a high school diploma. The amount of aboriginal people without diplomas is starting to decrease. Due to increase in the amount of aboriginal students getting educated, most of them will have a stronger education base for later on in the future. This will help the aboriginals in the future by a lot, because, if they would be seeking for a job, it would be easier for them to apply for it. Because of this, it lowers the chance of the aboriginal people from going into poverty or even unemployment.

Canadian Birth Trends

In Canada, there was 381,869 births in 2012, of which 196,446 (51.4%) were male and 185,423 (48.6%) female. The majority of births in Canada were births of a single child. Multiple births meant for a greater proportion of live births in 2012 than they did in 1992 (3.2% compared to 2.1%). In general, the percent of births with more than one child has increased since 1992, therefore the births of having a single child have decreased over the 21 years.

Death Trends

Since the start of the last century, the life expectancy of Canada's population has grown a lot. Between the years of 1926 and 2005, males gained an extra 20.0 years of life, and females have gained 22.7 years.

Natural Increase

Recently, the contribution of natural increase to the growth in population has decreased as the Canadian population aged and fertility rates declined. Today, natural increase accounts for less than 1/3 of Canada's population growth. On the other hand, migratory increase is increasing in Canada's population growth. Migratory increase currently accounts for 2/3 of Canada's population growth.

Immigration Trends

Immigration Rates

Canada has an immigration rate of 5.66 migrants per 1000 population. This basically means that, for every 1000 people that migrate (or come from another country), 5.66 of them come to Canada.

Push Factors

Push factors are basically things in your country that either make you leave the country or not come into the country in the first place. For example, in Canada the major push factor right now would be the high unemployment rate. There are many other reasons, but this is one of the main push factors in Canada. Unemployment causes people to leave because, when immigrants come into a new country, they usually are trying to get hired for a job. If there's jobs that are unemploying, that means that they can not work or make any money.

Pull Factors

Pull factors are thing that attract immigrants to come to your country or to go to any other country. Some pull factors can be that, if the country the immigrant is coming from is at war or is dangerous in any other way, So therefore, they would want to come to a much safer environment. Another reason can be that, you have other family in Canada and that would make you want to come as well.

Canadian Immigration in 2050

In 2050, in terms of immigration in Canada, there will be a shortage of working class people and will have high dependancy load. Therefore, Canada will be taking a lot of skilled and relatively young aged people. This is because, many older people that cannot have kids or fewer adults that do not want to have kids because of fees and other expenses they would have to pay for the child. So Canada will be expected to have more younger people to re populate. Because of the increased number of older people, there will be a labor deficit. I think that this relatively low population will be a major pull factor for immigration candidates. Also with Canada's low death rate and the rate of healthcare and education. This will be the reason why Canada will get more immigrants in the future.

My Life In 2050


In conclusion, Canada will be very different in 2050 than how it is right now. We will have a greater population due to immigrants that will come from all around the world, aboriginal people will be more known and lots more. This concludes my presentation.

Created By
Navjit Sappal


Created with images by alexindigo - "Canada"

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