Agriculture Project By connor Folik

What was the first agricultural revolution?

The first agricultural revolution was when man moved from being nomads to creating agriculture, farming, and making a civilized society.

When did it occur?

The first agricultural revolution happened around 11,000 BCE, with the earliest known humans to do this where in the Middle East.

What did humans do?

Humans started farming instead of being nomads and hunting for food. Some of the first humans to do this where in the Fertile Crescent. These people used the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to grow crops. By doing this they made a stable culture.

How did it change the way humans lived?

It changed the way people lived because they were able to grow crops and create an easier way to make food. Agricultural was made easier because of the technological advances of the first agricultural revolution.

Flax, Three cereals and Four pulses, and are the first known domesticated plants in the world. These plants were later on selectively bred for the genes humans wanted.

What was the second agricultural revolution?

The second agricultural revolution was based on using technology. People started using machinery to farm crops instead of doing it by hand. People did this because it is more efficient for farming crops.

When did it occur? What changes happened in farming?

The second agricultural revolution happened alongside the Industrial Revolution (1700-1900). During this time people began using machine labour instead of using self labour. By doing this people became more efficient and industry began to grow.

Farming changed because people were able to use technology to their advantage. Now people were using machinery to help grow crops.

What was/is the third agricultural revolution?

The third agricultural revolution is when humans started modifying food to meet demands of a growing population. They did this by processing food and modifying crop cells. To protect crops people started using chemicals to kill insects before they destroying them.

When did it occur? What changes happened in farming?

The third agricultural revolution occurred during the 1930s to the late 1960s. Humans started to modify food to feed their growing population. To do this they started to genetically modify and engineer food. By doing this they were able to feed people in need.

Modern day farming includes using gmo’s to our advantage. They can be used to keep insects from eating plants or using less water to feed plants.

What are genetically modified organisms? How do they change farming? What are pros and cons of GMO's?

Genetically modified organisms are plants, animals, microorganisms or other organisms whose genetic makeup has been modified. They change farming by making it easier to harvest them or feed them. A pro to modifying food is that they require less water and less pesticides. A con is that they can have illnesses to some GMO products.

Explain the difference between subsistence, sustainable, and commercial farming.

Subsistence- When someone grows enough food for themselves or family ONLY.

Sustainable- Using farming techniques that don’t disturb the environment in anyway.

Commercial- When crops are grown for the main purpose of making a profit.

4 fun facts on agriculture

1. About 23 percent of raw U.S. farm products are exported each year.

2. Farm and ranch families comprise just 2 percent of the U.S. population.

3. One in three U.S. farm acres is planted for export.

4. U.S. farm programs typically cost each American just pennies per meal and account for less than one-half of 1 percent of the total U.S. budget.

A 2 min video that addresses GMO's

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