Countries should and need to have more concern for the temperature increase and climate change. Superpower countries like the United States should have climate change as a much higher concern than they have now. An editorial from The Washington Times stated, “In a Gallup poll conducted earlier this year, the economy ranked as the No. 1 concern while the environment came in 12th out of 15 issues.” America has many national concerns, but the environment should be placed much higher on their list of concerns due to the devastating effects that have already occurred from the temperature increase. An example being the prolonged drought in California. Even though the US doesn’t necessarily prioritize protecting the environment they have taken action in protecting the planet. Junior Scholastic article “The Real Effects of Climate Change” states, “ In December, the United States and 194 other nations agreed to a landmark deal (see “The Paris Climate Pact,”p. 20) meant to prevent the worst effects of climate change from happening.” The Paris Agreement is the first step for countries work together and find solutions to protect the planet from any further temperature increase and climate changes.
Most experts and scientists believe that the biggest contributor and factor to global warming is the increased carbon dioxide levels and greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Using more planet friendly resources like water and wind power will help reduce the use of fossil fuels, leading to less carbon dioxide emissions. Patricia Smith from Junior Scholastic states, “The level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is up 41 percent since the Industrial Revolution in the early 19th century and could double in a few decades.” The levels of carbon dioxide has risen up since the use of advance technology and fossil fuels to use fuel them. Scientists also believe that another factor to global warming is El Nino or irregular occurring and complex climate changes in the Pacific region, unusually warm temperature increases. Justin Gills from The New York Times says that, “In 2015 and 2016, the planetary warming was intensified by the weather pattern known as El Niño, in which the Pacific Ocean released a huge burst of energy and water vapor into the atmosphere.” The vapors released into the atmosphere could be the cause of consecutive record breaking temperature for three years.
The midwest of the United states is directly affected by the temperature increase. The midwest is the center farming for the US, and with the possibility of precipitation increasing to about 5 to 10 percent in the midwest. Which affects the soil of the land causing many problems for many farmers in the midwest. According to Holly V. Hays from the IndyStar she states, that in the midwest such as Indiana could have severe summer droughts causing plants to die from heat and delayed farming schedules, “What that means for Indiana and the world remains a matter of debate, but the Environmental Protection Agency predicts that 70 years from now, Indiana could have as many as 15 more days each year when temperatures exceed 95 degrees, making summer droughts more severe.” This could potentially skyrocket the prices of the goods like wheat and corn globally. Another part of the economy that is affected is people. People are losing homes due to global warming changing the geography of where they live. From an article by Junior Scholastic, “The situation in the South Asian country of Bangladesh is perhaps even worse. By 2050, scientists predict, the sea could overtake 17 percent of the nation’s land…” By 2050 the people of Bangladesh could have at least 17% of their land overtaken by the sea, affected nearly 18 million people. This leaves millions of people homeless and tons buildings destroyed.
The melting of glaciers has risen the sea levels. Juliet Eilperin from The Washington Post states, “Other findings include the fact that sea level might rise by as much as six feet by 2100 instead of 1.5 feet, as the IPCC had projected…” Rising sea levels can cause a higher chance of flooding in coastal areas and erosion of land, an example being the floods in Florida. Temperature increase has also cause ocean acidification. Ocean acidification is when carbon dioxide is reacting with the salt in the water. Ocean acidification has increased by 30% since late 1800s. Ocean acidification directly affects shell water corals, clams and oysters putting the ocean food chain at risk and the 1 billion people that rely on the ocean for protein. An article from New York Times says, “Pacific Ocean released a huge burst of energy and water vapor into the atmosphere. El Nino has also been an effect of the temperature increase causing odd climate patterns. Alongside with ocean acidification both are huge threats to the ocean life and the ocean itself.
There are many effects that climate change has that will impact the future. One effect are the North and South poles melting at an extremely fast rate. The Washington Post states, “The Arctic may experience a sea-ice summer by 2030, rather than by the end of the century.”Longer summers in the arctic could potentially cause the extinctions of arctic animals. Not only does it affect wildlife the glaciers that are melted from the poles increase the sea levels. Sea levels can cause floods and erosion on coastal cities. Another effect that climate change has are prolonged droughts in dry areas of Earth. The prolonged droughts reduces water and raises the chance of heat exhaustion. From Junior Scholastic, “The impoverished African country of Mali suffers from an altogether different problem: not enough water. Climate change there has raised temperatures and sharply reduced rainfall, causing severe droughts.” Prolonged droughts can also kill crops and affect farming schedules potentially leading to a food shortage.
Gillis, Justin. "Earth Sets a Temperature Record for the Third Straight Year." Nytimes.com, 18 Jan. 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/18/science/earth-highest-temperature-record.html. Accessed 23 Jan. 2017.
Holly V. Hays (22 Jan. 2017.). Global warming breaks record, again. Indianapolis Star. Retrieved from http://www.indystar.com/story/news/2017/01/22/rising-global-temperatures-affect-hoosiers/96734218/
The Washington Times. "EDITORIAL: Earth’s temperatures subject to higher powers." The Washington Times, http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2012/oct/16/earths-temperatures-subject-to-higher-powers/. Accessed 25 Jan. 2017.
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N.a. "THE REAL EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE.: Explora Secondary Schools." Web.b.ebscohost.com, http://web.b.ebscohost.com/src_ic/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=2&sid=ff9422ed-d813-4f98-988c-c8e0dcb992b9%40sessionmgr104&hid=115. Accessed 1 Feb. 2017.
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