Samurai armor: Lamellar armor is actually held together in pieces by some form of cords. The armor was made of Iron and covered with leather to keep it They also used leather cords to keep it together.
Samurai weapons: They used a lot of swords such as long sword and Katana. They also Used bow and arrows as well.
What were Samurais trained to do: Training in material arts was considered very important and often began at age 5. If you were born in a wealthy family you would've taken academies, where they would tutor in litature,the arts, and military skills. Mastering just horse riding archers took years to master.