Essential Question:Who started the battle and who went home in victory?
Originally the German Nazis had started this battle in an attempt to push the Allied front line west. This attack was made to the surprise of the Allies. America's military took most of the damage, having the highest amount of casualties at 89, 500. 19, 000 of those were killed, 47, 500 killed, and 23, 000 missing.
The name "Battle of the Bulge" came from the shape the forces made when looked at from the top view. Below is a map of the war zone, the German fleet making the bulge during most of the battle.
A map of the Battle of the Bulge
The German army tried to keep the off guard attack as undercover as possible, having minimal radio traffic and moving troops during the night to avoid being seen.
On the morning of December 16, 1944, the German fleet attacked, catching the American army completely off guard.
A German fleet marching in advance
The German fleet had the upper hand in this battle, attacking an area with an extreme lack of defense. This combined with overcast weather conditions gave the Germans a strong first advance. Also because of the weather conditions, Allied forces were forced to land air support, giving them a major disadvantage as their air support was one of the strongest.
Although one of the bloodiest and most hard fought battles for the US, the Allies managed to come out with victory.
From December 16, 1944 to January 25, 1945, the US and Germany had a hard fought back and forth battle. With Germany having the upper hand at first with a surprise attack of ground forces, they could not manage to keep the momentum going and eventually ran out of fuel to advance, giving the Allied forces victory.