Domain Eukarya Classification and taxonomy

Kingdom Animalia

Hyacinth Macaw - Their beak is known to be the most powerful beak of all birds and it has the power to crack coconuts. Lives primarily in lightly forested areas in the seasonally flooded grasslands. On the Endangered Species list.

Labrador - Friendly companion, and a useful working dog breed. Popular breed. Agile, trusting, kind, intelligent, gentle, and even tempered.

Mole - Cylindrical bodies, velvety fur, very small, inconspicuous ears and eyes, reduced hind-limbs and short, powerful forelimbs with large paws adapted for digging. Small mammals adapted to a subterranean lifestyle

Elephants - African Elephants are the largest of all land animals. Elephants use their ears to funnel in sound waves from the environment, contributing to their keen sense of hearing.The trunk functions for grasping, breathing, feeding, dusting, smelling, drinking, lifting, sound production/communication, defense/protection, and sensing.

Flamingos - The color pink comes from beta-carotene in the crustaceans and plankton that flamingos eat. The feathers under their wings (flight feathers) are black. You only see them when the birds are flying. The male and female of a mating pair build a nest together, and both sit on the egg while it incubates for about a month.

Dolphins - Highly intelligent marine animals. Well known for their agility and playful behavior. Dolphins live in social groups of five to several hundred. They use echolocation to find prey and often hunt together by surrounding a school of fish, trapping them and taking turns swimming through the school and catching fish.

Hippopotamuses - Large, round, water-loving animals that are native to Africa. They can only survive in areas with abundant water, though, so they live in areas with rivers and lakes. Hippos are amphibious animals and spend up to 16 hours per day in the water.

Spiders - Air-breathing arthropods that have eight legs and fangs that inject venom. They are the largest order of arachnids and rank seventh in total species diversity among all other orders of organisms.

Snakes - They eat their prey whole and are able to consume prey three times larger than the diameter of their head. Often observed flicking its tongue, snakes use their forked tongue to smell the air. Snakes hibernate during the winter, and must shed their skin three to six times per year.

Gorillas - Ground-dwelling and live in groups of 6-12 with the oldest and largest silver-back leading a family of females, their young and younger males called black-backs. At dusk, each gorilla constructs a ‘nest’ of leaves and plant material in which it will sleep. Mothers usually share their nests with nursing infants.

Kingdom Plantae

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) - Grown as a crop for its edible oil and edible fruits. Sunflower leaves are broad, coarsely toothed, rough and mostly alternate.

Palm Trees (Arecaceae) - Palms are among the best known and most extensively cultivated plant families. They are abundant throughout the tropics and subtropics, and thrive in almost every habitat they are in. Their diversity is highest in wet, lowland forests.

Bamboo (Bambusoideae) - Most bamboo are native to warm and moist tropical and warm temperate climates. It is a quick-growing, versatile , non-timber forest product whose rate of biomass generation is unsurpassed by any other plants. It is known to be a natural and excellent raw material for manufacturing strong and sturdy furniture, handicrafts, and novelty items.

Orchids (Orchidaceae) - Unlike most plants, they do not grow in soil, but high above ground in their natural environment. Their roots attach to trees or rocks where they capture moisture and nutrients that wash over them. They prefer a 12-hour day, all year-round, and require a high intensity of light.

Moss (Bryophyta) - Only mosses have a root-like subterranean tissue that absorbs water and nutrients from the soil. Small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations. Mosses are non-vascular plants. They are small herbaceous plants that absorb water and nutrients mainly through their leaves and harvest carbon dioxide and sunlight to create food by photosynthesis.

Bromeliads (Bromeliaceae) - Many bromeliads are able to store water in a structure formed by their tightly-overlapping leaf bases. Are adapted to various climates. Are able to live in a vast array of environmental conditions due to their many adaptations.

Conifers (Pinophyta) - Conifers are types of trees that produce pinecones as their reproductive structures. Trees with needles or scaly leaves. They can thrive in wet climates or in the high desert.

Equisetophyta

Rigidoporus Ulmarius - The fruiting bodies are white, knobbly and relatively hard, requiring a fair amount of force to break. Older bodies may be covered with green algae, or partially covered with vegetation and leaves making them difficult to spot. They often encapsulate grass, twigs and other debris.

Scarlet Cup (Sarcoscypha Coccinea) - Grows on decaying sticks and branches in damp spots on forest floors. Small size, tough texture, and insubstantial fruit would dissuade most people from collecting for the table.

Blusher (Amanita Rubescens) - The mushroom is edible. Readily recognizable by its pinkish color on the bottom of the stem, it is avoided by people as it can be confused with deadly poisonous species. Often attacked by insects.

Black Truffle (Tuber Melanosporum) - Have a strong aromatic smell. Their taste is slightly peppery and bitter after heated.

Indigo Milk Cap (Lactarius Indigo) - Grows on the ground in both deciduous and coniferous forests, where it forms associations with a broad range of trees. The interior of the stem is solid and firm initially, but develops a hollow with age. Like the cap, it is initially sticky or slimy to the touch when young, but soon dries out.

Snow Fungus (Tremella Fuciformis) - It produces white, frond-like, gelatinous fruiting bodies. It can be found on the dead branches of broad-leaf trees. Is a parasitic yeast, and grows as a slimy, mucous-like film until it encounters its preferred hosts

Zygomycota - They are mostly terrestrial in habitat, living in soil or on decaying plant or animal material. Some are parasites of plants, insects, and small animals, while others form symbiotic relationships with plants. Zygomycete spores can be formed sexually and asexually.

Basidiomycota - Filamentous fungi composed of hyphae, and reproduce sexually via the formation of specialized club-shaped end cells called basidia that normally bear external meiospores. Some are self-compatible and spontaneously form dikaryons without a separate compatible thallus being involved.

Chytrids (Chytridiomycota) - Asexual reproduction occurs through the release of zoospores derived through mitosis. Chytrids are aquatic fungi, though those that thrive in the capillary network around soil particles are typically considered terrestrial.

Microsporidia - Constitute a group of spore-forming unicellular parasites. Microsporidia lack mitochondria, instead possessing mitosomes. They also lack motile structures, such as flagella. Microsporidia produce highly resistant spores, capable of surviving outside their host for up to several years.

Kingdom Protista

Amoeba Proteus - Amoebas live in freshwater and salt water, in soil, and as parasites in moist body parts of animals. Usually reproduces asexually by a process called binary fission.

Euglena Gracilis - Have photosynthesizing chloroplasts within the body of the cell, which enable them to feed by autotrophy, like plants. Lacks a cell wall. In low moisture conditions, or when food is scarce, Euglena forms a protective wall around itself and lies dormant as a resting cyst until environmental conditions improve.

Paramecium Aurelia - The hair-like cilia that cover the outer body of the paramecium are in constant motion, helping the organism move along at a speed of four times its own length per second. Paramecia are found in freshwater environments, and are especially in scums. Paramecia are attracted by acidic conditions, since they eat bacteria, which often acidify their surroundings.

Plasmodium Falciparum - A protozoan parasite that can cause malaria in humans. Trophozoites develop sticky knobs in red blood cells, which then adhere to endothelial cells in blood vessels, thus evading clearance in the spleen.

Pediastrum - A photoautotrophic, non-motile, green algae that inhabits freshwater environments. Reproduces asexually by producing autocolonies.

Karenia Brevis - A microscopic, single-celled, photosynthetic organism that can "bloom". Naturally produces a suite of potent neurotoxins collectively called brevetoxins, which cause neurological problems in other organisms and are responsible for large die-offs of marine organisms and seabirds.

Tabellaria - A genus of diatoms. They are cuboid in shape, and the siliceous cell walls are attached at the corners so that the colonies assume a zigzag shape.

Ammonia Tepida - Foraminifer living in the sediment of brackish waters. It is able to tolerate a wide range of temperatures and degrees of salinity, as well as to survive severe environmental conditions. Algae form about 80–90% of its diet and the remaining is composed by bacteria.

Chara Braunii - The plant is small to medium size. Fresh green to brownish green when found in the muddy bottom. Transparent and richly branched. In Poland, the species was found exclusively in fish ponds.

Prymnesium parvum - Ability to produce a toxin, prymnesin. It is a flagellated alga that is normally found suspended in the water column. The organism prefers highly light environments, but growth can be inhibited by excessive light. Capable of heterotrophic growth in the dark in the presence of glycerol and grazes on bacteria, especially when phosphate is limited.

Credits:

Created with images by Just chaos - "Western Gray Squirrel" • Jazzyroses - "Animal Kingdom 602" • pocketwiley - "Marty (Animal Ark Rescue)" • Beeki - "mole nature animals" • Peter23394 - "Animals (197)" • Peter23394 - "Animals (69)" • Peter23394 - "Animals (45)" • designerpoint - "hippo hippopotamus animal" • jacques_uchoa - "animal_Spider" • Christoph - "snake zoo macro" • Alexas_Fotos - "monkey gorilla zoo" • © Axel Naud - "Sunflower" • Edmund Garman - "Golden Palm Trees" • Moyan_Brenn - "Bamboo" • Andrewkim - "lotus nature plants" • A.Poulos (Iya) - "Moss" • kjrice88 - "bromeliad tropical flower" • nick.mealey - "Mountain Pattern" • phtorxp - "orchid pink flower" • Starr Environmental - "starr-110124-0051-Ceratophyllum_demersum-habit_in_water-Sacred_Garden_of_Maliko-Maui" • telix2000 - "change lake grass" • Ettore Balocchi - "Meripilaceae - Rigidoporus ulmarius-1" • blumenbiene - "Scharlachroter Kelchbecherling (Sarcoscypha coccinea)" • gailhampshire - "The Blusher. Amanita rubescens" • WikiImages - "winter truffle tuber brumale truffle" • treegrow - "Indigo Milk Cap" • *~Dawn~* - "Snow Cones" • stux - "yoke mushrooms zygomycota on paprika" • Bruce Kirchoff - "Basidiomycota Puccinia urediniospore 02" • loarie - "Amoeba proteus"

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