Cause: VT's form when something slows or changes in the flow of blood. Most common triggers for DVT and PE are surgery, cancer, immobilization and hospitalization. This is more common in older, more obese or overweight individuals.
Symptoms and Diagnosis: Leg pain or tenderness of the thigh or calf. Leg swelling, skin that feels warm to touch. Diagnosis: Blood work may be done initially, and a test which detects clotting activity. Ultrasound of the leg is most often used for DVT and a tomography, or CT scan, is often used for PE.
Treatment: Both DVT and PE are serious and life-threatening so immediate medical attention is needed. Early diagnosis and treatment can lead to a recovery, but long term complications occur. Treatment usually includes blood thinning medication and sometimes strong clot busters to break up the clots. Surgery is sometimes needed.
Sources: https://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/dyskeratosis-congenita https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/dyskeratosis-congenita/ http://www.worldthrombosisday.org/issue/vte/ http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/cardiology/venous-thromboembolism/