The Healthy People 2020 objective that this teaching plan will be covering is tobacco use. The goal is to, "Reduce illness, disability, and death related to tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure."
By the end of this presentation the patient should be able to:
- Explain the importance of smoking cessation
- List the harmful effects of smoking
- State ways to stop smoking
- Explain resources that can help the patient stop smoking
Pre/Post Test (given to the client before and after the education material):
1. Which of the following is not a negative effect of smoking?
a. Cancer b. Lung disease c. Diarrhea d. Wrinkles
2. Which of these reasons are motivators for quitting smoking?
a. Saves money b. Decreases chance of cancer c. You can be more productive because you don't have to take smoke breaks d. All of the above
3. What helps with smoking cessation?
a. Stress b. Exercise c. Having just one cigarette d.Sitting by people who are smoking
The client has smoked for over 40 years and after a recent health scare of having one of her coronary arteries 80 percent occluded and having a stent put in, she has decided to stop smoking. She has tried to stop several times before but is more determined after this health scare. Also, she has a family history of lung cancer related to smoking. The client stated that she wanted to learn more about smoking cessation during our interview. I think that this teaching plan will be very helpful in helping her with her smoking cessation.
What makes it hard to quit and how to overcome these barriers
- Smoking is an addiction so giving it up is hard.
- Lack of support
- Will power
How to overcome these barriers:
- Find a support group whether it's online, in-person, or with loved ones.
- Remind yourself of all of the benefits of quiting
- Try to decrease stress and relax
Why should you quit?
- Healthier you
- Healthier family because of decreased secondhand smoke
- Save thousands of dollars a year
- Reduces the risk of disease and premature death
- Can be more productive because you don't have to take smoke breaks
The harmful effects of smoking
Smoking tobacco has many negative effects and it is the cause of many diseases, these include:
- Heart diseases
- Lung diseases
- Reproductive effects
- Stained teeth and nails
Ways to quit
How to stop smoking:
- Quitting "cold turkey"
- Nicotine replacement therapy (patches, gum, etc.)
- Avoid triggers
- Practice relaxation since stress is a common trigger for smoking.
Steps to quit smoking
Steps of Action:
- Set a quit date and stick to it
- Take it one day at a time
- Create a distraction or start a healthier habit (chewing gum, exercising, eating mints, etc.)
- Remind yourself of the benefits
- If you don't succeed the first time try again
- Online communities
- 800-QUIT-NOW (800-784-8669)
- Nicotine Anonymous
Check these websites out for more information
Peer reviewed sources:
Phillips, A. (2016). Supporting smoking cessation in older patients: a continuing challenge for community nurses. British Journal Of Community Nursing, 21(9), 457-461.
Siddiqui, F., Huque, R., & Dogar, O. (2016). Updated evidence-based guide to smoking cessation therapies. British Journal Of Community Nursing, 21(12), 607-611.
Quitting smoking: 10 ways to resist tobacco cravings. (n.d.). Retrieved March 06, 2017, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/quit-smoking/in-depth/nicotine-craving/art-20045454?pg=1
Tobacco Use. (n.d.). Retrieved March 05, 2017, from https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/tobacco-use