Section 1- Postwar Uncertainty
A New Revolution in Science- Thinkers were part of a scientific revolution that was important as the one centuries before by Copernicus and Galileo.
Impact of Einstein's Theory of Relativity- Albert einstein gave new info. on space, time,energy,and matter. Theory of relativity- light speed is constant. Albert changed everyone's view of the world.
Influence of Freudian Psychology- Sigmund Freud's ideas were as revolutionary as Albert Einstein's. He treated people with psychological problems. He thought human behavior was beyond reason or irrational.
Literature in the 1920's- WW1 made philosophers rethink ideas about reason and progress. People feared the future and had doubts about traditional religious beliefs. T.S. Eliot described the postwar world as a "wasteland".
Writers reflect Society's concerns- War made an impression on many writers during this time. Some novels showed the influence of Freud's on the unconscious.
Thinkers React to Uncertainties- Some thinkers turned to the philosophy of existentialism. Jean Paul Sartre was a major leader of this movement. Existentialists believe there was no meaning to life and everyone creates their own meaning. These people were influenced by a german philosopher named Friedrich Nietzsche.