African Kingdoms Alexa Hawkins

Current Map of Ghana
  • Ancient Ghana
  • Ghana was home savannah grasslands. They practiced Islam back then but today they are mostly Christian. Up to 100,000 slaves were transported each year to places like Spain, Great Britain, and France.
  • They traded gold and ivory for items like salt, cloth, and swords with North Africa and Europe.
  • The peak of the empire was in AD 800. Most people spoke Soninke and Mande and the faith of Islam started to slowly spread.
  • Current Ghana has grown a bunch since the empire. They are in a completely different region with the same name. They gained back their independence in 1957.
Here are some girls from Ghana dancing in their traditional garb.
Current Map of Mali
  • Ancient Mali
  • Mali also had savannah grasslands but they also had higher plateaus up to the north. Islam existed, but it was not forced. Millions of Africans were forced to slavery by Europeans.
  • They mostly traded gold and salt. They also had many trading posts.
  • Their king, Mansa Musa might have been the wealthiest person in history. They had a caste system where farmers were the most respected.
  • Mali is currently the eighth largest country in Africa with a population of 14.5 million.
This is a parade in Mali
  • Ancient Songhai
  • Songhai had rainforests, savannah grasslands and they were part of the Sahara. They believed in both traditional west African religions and Islam. laves were usually prisoners of war and they used them to transfer goods across the Sahara.
  • Most trading and income came from trading gold and salt. Songhai had their height in 1493 under Askia Muhammad's rule. They used a class system where nobles and their direct descendants were the highest.
  • The empire ended in 1591 when Morocco came in and split it up into a bunch of smaller states.
People dancing at a local festival in Benin
  • Benin
  • Benin lays at the foothills of mountain-wooded savannah. They were polytheistic with witchdoctors that could supposedly talk to gods. They imported slaves bought by Europeans and resold them in Ghana. they traded outside of Benin and negotiated for large amounts of items. If goods were stolen, trade would completely stop until the goods or equal value was returned.
  • Art was produced using cloths and wood to make masks
  • They were conquered by the British in the 1880s, they lasted for 1800 years.
  • Works Cited
  • "Effect of the Slave Trade on West Africa.” Online Homework Help SchoolWorkHelper, Accessed 10 Mar. 2017
  • “Geography.” Songhai Empire, Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.
  • “Trade and Economy.” Africa's LAst Empire: Ancient Songhai, Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.
  • “Ancient AfricanKingdom of Benin.” The Fascinating Kingdom of Benin - Ancient Africa for Kids, Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.

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