War with Spain Chapter 7, Lesson 3

United States became very concerned during the late 1800s, after Cubans were being treated poorly by Spain.

Wanting to proclaims war with Spain, when the USS Maine explodes on February 15, 1898, the Americans blamed it on Spain, even though later evidence showed it was an accident.

On April 25, 1898, Congress declared war on Spain.

Filipino rebels, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, joined the Americans after the Spanish-American War started.

Disappointment ran throughout the Philippines as instead of the United States, granting their independence, they began to debate on what to do with the islands.

American ships trapped the main Spanish fleet in Santiago, Cuba, being followed by heavy fighting. This war led to many deaths. On August 12, the Spanish signed a truce/treaty ending the war.

The end of the war marked the change in America's international role. It was now recognized as a major military power.

Cuba became a U.S. protectorate, which was an independent country, but is under the control of another. Puerto Rico and Guam became territories of the U.S. Philippines was also surrender by Spain.

Anti-imperialists argued that having rule of the Philippines went agains the democratic principles. People also opposed the troops needed to control the country and competition from other Filipino leaders. Mark Twain and Andrew Carnegie were apart of this campaign.

The Philippines gained independence in 1946, after Emilio Aguinaldo's arrest in 1901.

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