Arthritis A-Z project By sADie rouse and julia knight

A - age groups

Based on the type of Arthritis, different age groups are more likely to get it. Juvenile- most common type of Arthritis in children under the age of 17. Arthritis is most prevalent in adults of the age 65-74.

B - background information

Arthritis: painful irritation and stiffness of joints Arthritis can occur in any joint but is most seen in hands. It can slow the productivity of the person with the Arthritis. It is a non-communicable disease which is mostly hereditary.

C - causes

We do not know what triggers it, but it seems to be caused by a malfunction in the immune system. The immune system normally defends the body from infection and helps the body repair itself. Instead the immune system starts attacking the body.

D - diagnosis

1 in 6 people are diagnosed with arthritis. Doctor will consider your symptoms; perform a physical exam to check for swollen joints or loss of motion; blood tests and x-rays to confirm the diagnosis. These tests will also diagnose the specific type of arthritis

E-events

May is arthritis awareness month

F-Future

Surgery to repair joints is an option juvenile arthritis goes away

G- Guard

Hot and cold baths can be used to ease the pain of arthritis. Fish oil treatments can also be used to strengthen bones and joints.

H - history

Arthritis was discovered in human victims in Germany in 185, bones from 150,000 years ago showed osteoarthritis

I - Immunization

There is no natural immunity for this disease because it is genetic. It can skips generations and end up in grandchildren if the grandparent has it. For example, my grandma has rheumatoid arthritis which was passed to my brother and my cousin.

J - juvenile

Juvenile arthritis is also known as pediatric rheumatic disease. This disease can develop in children under 16 years of age and it affects around 300,000 children in the United States.

K - Kill

There are dozens of other lesser known complications of Rheumatoid Arthritis which can contribute to early death including involvement of blood vessels, nerves, and other vital organs.

L - laboratory testing

Arthritis is discovered in a person through blood tests. Blood tests are abnormal when a person has rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis.

M - medication

Medication can be given to arthritis patients. Steroids help strengthen muscles and joints and are prescribed while pain relievers can be bought over the counter. Enbrel is one.

N - nations

Arthritis has a greater impact on minorities. African Americans , Hispanics, Asians and other minorities populations in the U.S. have lower rates of arthritis compared to white population. However, they experience greater severity of pain and more work and daily activity limitations than whites.

O - occupations

Many doctors including x-ray technicians, nurses, and doctors who deal with blood analysis help develop treatments for arthritis.

P - prevention

To prevent arthritisexercise, avoid injury, control weight, take omega 3s, regular doctor check-ups

Q - quarantine

There is no quarantine for arthritis because it is hereditary and is only spread through bloodlines. The gene is in your DNA.

R - risk

Low lethality rate and moderate chance of getting the disease. 22.7% of adults are told they have a form of arthritis. You have a higher risk of getting it if a family member has it. It also more common in women than in men.

S - symptoms

Pain, swelling, reduced range of motion, and stiffness in the joints, ankle, back, fingers, hands, muscles, neck or wrist.

T - transmission

transmitted hereditarily and is more prevalent in people who take part in physical work.

U - underdeveloped countries

Countries with less machines and more manual work are more susceptible to obtaining arthritis

W - what are treatment options

injected medication and fishoil treatments provide relief.

V - vaccine

There is no vaccine for arthritis but there are treatments.

Y - why did we choose this disease?

My brother has arthritis and my family is very affected by it

Z - quiZ

Which gender is arthritis more prevalent in?

How is arthritis transmitted?

How likely is arthritis going to kill you?

1. Female

2. Hereditary

3. Very low risk of dying.

Citations:

cdc.org; web.md; worldhealthcenter.org; medpage.com; arthritis.org

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