Early Christianity BY CARLOS ROjas

Monotheism/Judaism-Sects divided the people that followed the religion of Judaism. Saducees involved landowners or the wealthy but also the priests that controlled the temples. They were thought to be at the top. The Pharisees believed in a judgement day and were influenced by the Messia. The Essenes thought that the Saducees were fake and that the Jews would be freed from the Romans. The Zealots did not cooperate with any of the Roman laws and did not pay their taxes for example and were very anti-roman. (Zimmerman, lecture video)

Jesus was around 4 BCE to 29 AD. He wanted to change the Jewish religion or reform it as he was Jewish. He taught to not be selfish and to stop looking for power and domination. He didn't want people to look forward to becoming wealthy. Jesus died on the cross for man's sin. He formed Christianity and the belief is that he resurrected from the dead. (Zimmerman, lecture video)

Peter was the leader of the apostles. He belonged to the first of Jesus' disciples. He worked in Rome as an apostle and he became the city's first bishop and died as a martyr. Paul was also an apostle. He was one of the greatest scholars in the laws of Judaism. He knew a lot about Stoic philosophy. He was executed by the authorities in Rome in 67 CE due to spreading messages based on Christianity. Paul would have been more Christian based on his attitude and opinion of both religions. (Backman, cultures of the west)

During the first three centuries CE, many Christians were killed and arrested. Those who didn't have to suffer, were instantly shot and executed. The ones who would suffer had to face severe punishments and torture such as humiliation in front of a huge crowd. Christians would either go back to Roman religion and be forgiven or be arrested or be killed if they didn't admit in their faith in the religion of Christianity. (Backman, cultures of the west)

Stoicism was an alternative belief to the Roman and Christian beliefs. It started in 3rd Century BCE. The belief was that true happiness ends with accepting one's limits, keeping their disappointments and performing their obligations to society, family and the gods. (Backman, cultures of the west)

Neoplatonism was the other alternative belief to the Roman and Christian beliefs. It was heavily influenced by Plato's writings. His philosophy would have the most followers and influence in the time following his death. It was a comprehensive understanding of the universe and how man played his role in it. (Backman, cultures of the west)

Constantine is given credit for converting the Roman empire to Christianity. He was the one who ended the persecution process for Christians. No one knows for sure why he converted to Christianity. It may have either been for political advantage or sincerity. (http://www.religionfacts.com/conversion-constantine)

Edict of Milan- served as the proclamation as tolerance of Christianity within the Roman empire. It was done in Milan and it was dealt between Constantine and Lucinius who were both Roman emperors in the year 313. it gave freedom to Christian belief and more acceptance. (https://www.britannica.com/topic/Edict-of-Milan)

Credits:

Created with images by DonkeyHotey - "Cross - Illustration" • judithscharnowski - "jerusalem israel middle east" • MichaelGaida - "cross church faith" • Rennett Stowe - "Dornoch Cathedral" • david__jones - "Head of Constantine"

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