This parallel corresponds to the concept of the “Microcosm” and the “Macrocosm”
Microcosm, (from Greek mikros kosmos, “little world”), is a philosophical term, in which the “little world” reflects the Macrocosm, or universe.
Ameerul Mumineen SA in one of his verses states in an awe inspiring tone:
Do you consider yourself a small body? While the great universe is incorporated into you!
The paired concept of Macrocosm and Microcosm presents the idea that there is a corresponding similarity in pattern, nature, or structure between human beings and the universe. The concept of microcosm/macrocosm views man as a smaller representation of the universe
A similar comparison in much detail can be found in Rasāʾil Ikhwān Aṣ-Ṣafāʾ as Imam SA states:
Know that, those with ancient wisdom:
- Witnessed this material world (al-ʿālam al-jismānī) with their eyes.
- Considered the outward signs of the things with their senses.
- Contemplated these situations with their intellect.
- Studied the behavior of all the individuals with their eyes and considered species of the individuals with their reflection.
they found none, out of all of them, more complete in its structure and more perfect in its form or as a whole more strongly resembling this material world than the human being.
First the Greek, then the Buddhists Iranians, and others believed in this concept and viewed the individual human being as a little world whose composition and structure corresponded to that of the universe, or greater world.
The analogy between the microcosm and the macrocosm is an essential theme in Rasāʾil Ikhwān Aṣ-Ṣafāʾ. The idea appears in all the sciences, from mathematics to astronomy.
A quintessential example is how Imam AS describes the systematic workings of the inner organs of a human being to that of the solar system.
The stomach is compared with Venus, the planet of pleasures. Venus is related to all joy and enjoyment of both spiritual and material beings in the spheres and in the sublunar world.
Likewise, the stomach relates to the lust for alimentation, which forms the building material for the body and its humours.
The activity of the Moon is described as twofold: in the first part of each (lunar) month its face replete with light faces the earth and at the end of each month it faces the heavenly spheres.
The assignment of the lungs in the human body is twofold in a similar manner: it enables the entrance of air to the body and delivers it to the heart, which spreads it to each part of the body. On the other hand, the lungs also transmit air out of the body producing, for instance, sounds and words
Created with images by Guillermo Ferla - "Andromeda with DSLR from high ground in CO" • Billy Huynh - "If you like and utilize my work, please consider donating via PayPal: paypal.me/billyhuy — More than anything, this photograph was really the result of a series of little accidents. After abandoning a hike halfway through due to lack of sunlight, we subsequently began to make our way back home. As we drove through a long stretch of highway, I made the decision to nap in the back, but before that, for whatever reason, I peered out the window and into the heavens first. At that point, I began screaming like a madman telling everyone to look up. Amazed, we pulled into the next rest stop." • Vincentiu Solomon - "Sublime purple night sky" • Alexander Andrews - "untitled image" • James Day - "If you use this photo, I would be very appreciative if you would please credit in the caption or meta to www.jamesdayart.com." • WikiImages - "saturn ring system planet" • flflflflfl - "io jupiter planet" • skeeze - "mars planet space" • TBIT - "asteroids planet space" • AD_Images - "planet astronomy moon" • WikiImages - "mercury planet surface"