causes and effects of exploration Victoria Couch 4A 3/10/17 Mr. Meninga

The first main event that took place during the "Age of Exploration" is actually a person. Christopher Columbus. Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, colonizer etc. He is important, specifically him discovering the "New World". Some causes that led to Columbus exploring in the first place would be the Reconquista (1492). The reconquista was a long series of wars and battles between the christian kingdoms and the Muslim moors for control of the Iberian Peninsula. Secondly a cause of Columbus traveling to find spices would to achieve glory (fame). Finally the last cause: Columbus was supposed to set sail for Asia. His motivation to go to Asia was the spices, located by the silk road.

Next are some effects from these causes. First, Columbus's discoveries effected Spain by Spain gaining wealth from all the new discoveries of gold and other riches. Secondly, the Colombian exchange, which is the transfer of plants, animals and disease between the hemispheres. Lastly, although Columbus has been judged to be vain, ambitious, desirous of wealth and ruthless, historians viewed his voyages as opening the New World to Western Civilization and Christianity.

The second main event during this time is the "Triangular Trade". The Triangle Trade is a multilateral system of trading in which a country pays for its imports from one country by its exports to another.

The FIRST cause of the triangular trade is for Africa. Millions of Africans were forced to the Americas, they wanted to enhance their status, bought weapons, blacks all throughout Africa. Africa wasn't the only country. There was Europe and the Americas. Europe wanted to compete with the Muslims, there was massive imports of sugar, there was the use of black slaves, Dutch trading companies, coastal trade, African traders. Finally, the causes for the Americas. Americas: sugar cultivation required laborers and money and equipment, the slaves cost less, blacks recognized as slaves, trade justification, and slave villages replicated.

Because of these causes, all of these countries had effects that happened. The effects for AFRICA: lost culture, they became helpless, developed 3rd world countries, disease prone, racism, and the demographics changed. The effects for EUROPE: development of sugar plantations, slavery, superiority of whites, spread of Christianity and expansion of culture and Europe became wealthy. The effects for the AMERICAS: the slave profits created diverse enterprise and states where destroyed.

The third and final main event that happened during this time was the defeat of the Spanish Armada. The Spanish Armada was a Spanish fleet of 130 ships that sailed from A Coruna in August 1588, under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia with the purpose of escorting an army from flanders to invade England.

Some causes that led to the defeat of the Spanish Armada is that the Spanish Armada caused Spain a lot of money to build. Yet, they lost due to poor weather. Also, the death of Santa Cruz. Santa Cruz was Spain's greater admiral and one of the key features in planning the Armada. And, Drake's raid on Cadiz. As the armada was being prepared , the English admiral Sir Francis Drake launched a daring raid on the Spanish port of Cadiz. He disrupted the preparations so severely that the invasion had to be postponed.

The effects of these causes are the following. The loss of the Spanish Armada led to Spain to bankruptcy not too much later, which weakened Spain severely. Also, in the long run, this led to the downfall of Absolutist Spain and let England dominate the seas. Lastly, the English victory opened doors to the English/French colonization of North America.


Estein, Franklin. "Christopher Columbus (Cause & Effect)." N.p., 27 Aug. 2013. Web. 21 Mar. 2017.

"Triangle Trade." Triangle Trade Flashcards | Quizlet. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2017.

Knighton, Andrew. "13 Reasons Why The Spanish Armada Failed To Conquer Against The British." WAR HISTORY ONLINE. N.p., 18 Dec. 2016. Web. 21 Mar. 2017.

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