Background Information (causes and treatment):
Type 2 diabetes can be caused by many different things, such as: unhealthy eating, lack of exercise, and obesity. Diabetics produce insulin, but it is hard for glucose to get into the bloodstream due to the insulin receptors. If glucose can't get into the cells, the cells can't work properly. Type 2 diabetics have to maintain a proper diet and also have to exercise and keep up with their blood sugar levels. Older aged people usually get type 2 diabetes more due to them being overweight, having stress, having bad sleeping problems, etc.
A healthy guideline for type 2 diabetics is to limit their carbohydrates in their daily meals to 45-60 grams. A diabetics plate would have 1/4 protein, 1/4 starch, and 1/2 non starchy vegetables. The daily ratio of percentage of grams in the diet should be 55:20:25, which contains carbs, fats, and proteins. A good meal for a type 2 diabetic would be fish with a salad and a cup of milk. In addition, nutrient dense carbohydrates,(foods with high levels of nutrients) are recommended. Diabetics shouldn't eat as much simple carbohydrates because they cause your sugar to increase more than nutrient dense foods. Examples of nutrient dense carbohydrates include: Sweet potatoes, legumes, etc.
Diabetics have to take two types of blood tests to monitor their glucose levels. Diabetics take a daily blood test to see if their blood sugar is high or low. Diabetics are all different. For example, some of them take their blood sugar before every meal, before lunch, before dinner, etc. Most diabetics always take their blood sugar after every meal. However, different people might take them at different times after their meal. Before having a meal, the diabetics blood sugar be 70-99 mg/dl. After having a meal, it should be less than 140 mg/dl. Another type of blood test diabetics have to take is called an A1c test. An A1c is a test a doctor takes to average a person's blood glucose over a span of a few months. For a diabetic, doctors want your A1c test to be below a 7. In addition, a normal A1c level is 5.7 percent.
Lifestyle and Exercise
For a type 2 diabetic, exercise really impacts their lifestyle and is an important thing for treatment. Type 2 diabetics have too much glucose in their blood and exercising can reduce the glucose. Exercising can also prevent long-term complications, such as heart disease. Overall, exercising can help diabetes and change the lifestyle of a diabetic. For example, lower blood pressure, control of weight, more energy and others are all benefits of exercising. In addition, diabetics have to check their blood sugar before and after exercising for many reasons. A diabetics blood sugar should be 250 mg/dl before exercising. It is important to check due to exercising being able to cause your blood sugar to drop severely. They should also check after exercising to see how much it has dropped and/or if the exercising has helped.
Former league baseball pitcher, David Wells was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in the year of 2007. Sandy Alderson says that it is something he has to manage and that other people are going to help him manage it. Wells stated that “When I get the program down, I’ll be fine. And I will be fine.” He also said “if I follow the rules I’ve been given, there’s no problem.” Overall, being the person he is, David Wells has had a positive outlook on his diagnosis, and will not give up on treating it.