Earth and Space Systems Standards:
ESS1-2: Develop and use a model to describe the role of gravity in the motions within galaxies and the solar system.
ESS3-1: Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how the uneven distributions of Earth's mineral, energy, and groundwater resources are the result of past and current geoscience processes.
History of the Earth Standards:
ESS1-4: Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence from rock strata for how the geologic time scale is used to organize Earth's 4.6-billion-year-old history. ESS2-3: Analyze and interpret data on the distribution of fossils and rocks, continental shapes, and seafloor structures to provide evidence of the past plate motions.
Human Impacts on the Earth Standards:
ESS3-3: Apply scientific principles to design a method for monitoring and minimizing a human impact on the environment.*
ESS3-4: Construct an argument supported by evidence for how increases in human population and per-capita consumption of natural resources impact Earth's systems.
Weather and Climate Standards:
ESS3-5: Ask questions to clarify evidence of the factors that have caused the rise in global temperatures over the past century.
ESS2-6: Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates.
Engineering Design Process Standards:
ETS1-4:Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.
ETS1-1: Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.