Reform MovementsDarline Vinoya & Dylan Okoth 7th Period
The Abolitionist movement was the immediate emancipation of all slaves and the end of racial discrimination and segregation. Advocating for immediate emancipation distinguished abolitionist from more moderate anti-slavery advocates who argued for gradual emancipation. Anti-Slavery activists we're always a minority within American society, encountering heavy opposition from the majority that either supported slavery outright or want to avoid making slavery a divisive political issue.
Women's Rights- (1840-1848). During this time; Women's rights were very limited back then; women were unable to vote, hold any position in government, and any money women have earned went to their husbands, if any women owned land or had property it belong to their husband; once they got married, and there was no law that was against women being abused by men. Mott and Stanton were outraged based on the rights they had has as women. On July 19, 1848; Stanton and Mott decide to host a National Women's Right Convention in New York, with 300 people, but 40 includes men, they named their proposal the Declaration of Sentiments, named after the Declaration of Independence, which the Declaration of Independence gave people their independence. Eight years later, they met up again at the Senca Falls Convention, the women demanded for equality in the public and voting.
Foundations of Reform- (1820-1830). During this time, America was focused on specific issues to make the society of America better; Some of the issues: temperance, the abuse of drinking or using alcohol, public education, a few children were unable to attend school due to the cost of it, women's rights, this was a major thing during the time of reform, because many woman were unable to vote or hold any position in government, abolitionists, many Americans were against slavery and wanted it to end,so we can have equality for all.
Prison Reform- (1841- Late 1800's). During this time; Dorothea Dix went to teach Sunday school at a Massachusetts prison. She was shocked by what she saw in the prison; inmates locked in chains, shoved into crowed cell with other inmates, whipped, low food for the inmates, locked in cages. Some children accused with minor crimes were staying with adult criminals, and went through some of the punishments adult inmates did. Thousands of inmates were in prison, because they were unable unable to pay off debt, some debts wear as small as $20. What caught Dix's eyes were the mentally ill people who were called "insane", and they were locked up into prison cells and put into cages, and if they misbehaved they were whipped. She believed that the mentally ill people needed treatment and care not to get punished just because they considered them to be insane. Massachusetts only had on mentally ill hospital, but only the wealth was able to afford. Bases on her experience she told the legislature of Massachusetts of what she saw in the prison and and the lawmakers agreed to public mental hospitals for the mentally ill.
Temperance-( 1820-1851). During this time; Alcohol was abused and caused, families to break-up, a lot of crime was caused with the abuse of alcohol, and mental illness was involved with alcohol. In 1826, the Temperance Movement was in to play, it was a campaign that was against the sale or drinking of any alcohol products. In 1850, Maine has restricted the sale & use of drinking alcohol, so not a lot of crime can happen during their ban of alcohol. Later on a few states followed Maine and also banned alcohol and followed some of the same restrictions as Maine. Towards 1860 the law of banning alcohol was repealed.
education reform- Hundreds of years ago, most learning happened at home. Parents taught their children or, if their families could afford it, private tutors did the job. Their teachers had limited education and received very little pay. Most Children simply did not go to school . In the cities some poor children stole, destroyed property, and set fires. Reformers believed that education would have help children escape poverty and become good citizens.