Judaism is one of the oldest Monotheistic religions that still exists today. It was founded over 3,500 years ago, during the Bronze Age, in the Middle East. There are an estimated 1,200,000 prophets. Abraham, one of the prophets, is regarded as the first patriarch of the Jewish people. Another potent prophet was Moses who saw everything all the other prophets saw combined.
Judaism is an early version of Christianity and Islam. All three religions study the same prophets such as Abraham. This is why they are called Abrahamic religions. While all three have different holy books, they all see the prophets differently. People of the Jewish religion study the Old Testament of the Bible, specifically the first five books. While Judaism recognizes Jesus as a prophet (similar to Islam) they don't see him as the son of God. In fact, they still believe the Messiah has yet to come.
Branches of Judaism
The place of worship for those who practice Judaism is a Synagogue. They listen to a Rabbi who is a Jewish preacher. There are six main sects of Judaism which include Conservative, Hasidism, Kabbalah, Orthodox, Reform, and Zionism. Many factors play off of these sects. For instance, politics caused the liberal reform group to branch off of the Orthodox branch.
Jews follow the Lunar calendar so the dates of their important holidays are always changing. Their days begin at sunrise and end at sunset. Some of their holidays include Yom Kippur, Rosh Hashanah, Chanukkah, and Passover. Yom Kippur is a day of forgiveness of sins, and Rosh Hashanah occurs on the first day of the Lunar calendar and is regarded as a Jewish New Years festival. Many holidays in Judaism stretch over multiple days, such as Passover and Chanukkah.
Hannah DeFronzo & Hanna Dworkin