Chad Amber Dalicandro

This is where Chad is located in Africa


  • Chad is slightly more than three times the size of Africa
  • The climate is tropical in the south and desert in the north
  • The counties the border Chad are Sudan, Egypt, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, Libya
  • Some major landforms/features are the Tibesti mountains and the Sahara
  • Some natural Resources: petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
This is a map of Chad

People In Chad

  • The population is 11,852,462 people
  • Some major ethnic groups are Sara 25.9%, Arab 12.6% and Kanembu 8.3%
  • Some religions in Chad are Muslim 58.4%, Catholic 18.5%, Protestant 16.1% and animist 4%
  • The two official languages in chad are French and Arabic
  • The life expectancy in Chad is 49 years for men and 51 for women


Mens Clothing

Men in most areas of Chad continue to dress traditionally, according to their individual ethnic background, although men in urban areas might wear Western clothing. Traditional Chadian Arab attire such as long robes called jalabiyas are worn by men in public, along with white turban-like headgear known as a tagaya. Muslim men wear outfits consisting of long robes with matching pants known as boubous, and in the southern tribes, they wear tunic outfits called complets.

Womens Clothing

Women wear wraps called rabott or pagne around their upper and lower halves, or in the case of married women, as an apron. They'll add a short-sleeved shirt with an elaborate patterned neckline. A 5-meter-long scarf called a lafai can be wrapped around the body in many different ways, and women put them on when going to the market or for special occasions.


Chad is a presidential republic which is a system of government where an executive branch is led by a president who serves as both head of state and head of government. The current leader of their country is Idriss Deby, and the capital city is N'Djamena.

This the leader of Chad Idriss Deby


  • The currency is in the Central African CFA franc
  • 1 franc= about 619 dollars
  • Two major cities are Moundou and Sarh
  • Sarh: located on the Chari river, center of the cotton indudstry, major transport hub, home for various educational institutions
  • Moundou: Mbere river, industrial center, Gala Brewery produces Chad’s most popular beer and the cotton and oil industries.
Lake chad, Chad museum and Towering Rocks in the Ennedi Desert


  • Commonly consumed grains include millet, sorghum, and rice as staple foods
  • Commonly eaten vegetables include okra and cassava
  • Meats include mutton, chicken, pork, goat, fish and beef
  • The day's main meal is typically consumed in the evening on a large communal plate
  • Men and women usually eating in separate areas
  • This meal is typically served on the ground upon a mat, with people sitting and eating around it

Animal Life

  • animals such as Bush elephants, West African lions, buffalo, hippopotamuses, Kordofan giraffes, antelopes, African leopards, cheetahs, hyenas, and many species of snakes are found in Chad
  • Elephant poaching is a problem in Chad


  • Can live up to 70 years
  • Have ivory tusks
  • Have the largest brains in the animal kingdom


  • Weigh around 90-190 lbs.
  • 28-35 inches tall
  • They are hunters and scavengers

Current Event

Former Chad leader Hissene Habre was sentenced in Senegal for jail for rape, sexual slavery and ordering killings during his rule from 1982 to 1990. He ordered the killing of 40,000 people during his rule. After he was sentenced he raised his fists in the air and started shouting. Witnesses said that the victims were electrically shocked, had near-asphyxia cigarette burns and they had gas squirted into their eyes. This is important because It is the first time that an African head of state has been found guilty in another country.

Historical Events

  • In 1982, Hissene Habre gained power and became dictator. In August 1978 Habre was given the role of prime minister of Chad as part of an alliance with Gen. However, the alliance did not last long. In February 1979 Habre's forces and the national army under fought in N'Djamena. The fighting left Chad without a national government. Several attempts were made by other nations to resolve the crisis, resulting in a new national government in November 1979 in which Habre was appointed Minister of Defense. However, fighting resumed within a matter of weeks. In December 1980 Habre was driven into exile in Sudan. In 1982 he resumed his fight against the Chadian government. On June 7th Habre was appointed as head of state.
  • In 1990, Idriss Deby was elected as the new leader of Chad after Hisseme Habre. Before presidency, Deby moved to Sudan and formed the Patriotic Salvation Movement, a group that is supported by Libya and Sudan, which started operations against Habre in October 1989. He unleashed an attack on November 10, 1990 and on December 2nd Deby's troops marched unopposed into the capital, N'Djamena. After three months of provisional government, on 28 February 1991, a charter was approved for Chad with Déby as president.
  • In 1966, The Northern revolt turned in a guerrilla war. A guerrilla war is a form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military.
  • In 1900, The Battle of Kousseri took place. During this time Chad was still under French rule. The battle of Kousseri originated in French plans to occupy the Chari-Baguirmi region. In 1899–1900, the French organized three armed groups, one going north from Congo, one east from Niger and one south from Algeria. The goal was to link all French possessions in Western Africa. This was achieved April 21, 1900 on the right bank of the Chari in what is now Chad opposite Kousseri, in what is now northern Cameroon.
  • France colonized Chad. Chad lacked attention from France while they were in power, and Chad didn't agree with some of their policies so they went to war. After war, Chad got what they wanted (pensions for those who served in the French military and allowing payments for plantation workers). After this war Chad had slowly gained more political freedom and in 1958 Chad separated from the other four territories and became a sovereign state under French rule. Chad started to drift off from French rule and eventually gained independence on August 11, 1960.

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