Nature of Work-
Psychologists study cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how people relate to one another and their environments
Training, Qualifications and Advancement
Most clinical, counseling, and research psychologists need a doctoral degree. School psychologists need an advanced degree and certification or licensure to work. Prospective practicing psychologists must have pre - or post-doctoral supervised experience, including an internship. Internships allow students to gain experience in an applied setting. Candidates must complete an internship before they can qualify for state licensure. The required number of hours of the internship varies by state.
Some psychologists work alone, doing independent research, consulting with clients, or counseling patients. Others work as part of a healthcare team, collaborating with physicians, social workers, and others to treat illness and promote overall wellness.
Many clinical and counseling psychologists work in private practice. Others work in outpatient clinics, hospitals, rehabilitation facilities, and community and mental health centers.
Industrial-organizational psychologists work in business settings or human resources offices. They may also work in federal or state agencies, consulting firms, or private research organizations.
Employment of industrial-organizational psychologists is projected to grow 19 percent from 2014 to 2024, much faster than the average for all occupations. However, because it is a small occupation, the fast growth will result in only about 400 new jobs over the 10-year period. Organizations will continue to use industrial-organizational psychologists to help select and keep employees, increase organizational productivity and efficiency, and improve office morale.
OCCUPATIONAL TITLE , EMPLOYMENT 2014 - PROJECTED EMPLOYEMENT, 2024
Psychologists , 173,900 206,400
Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists , 155,300 185,900
Industrial- organizational psychologist , 2 2,000 2,300
Psychologists, all other 16,600 18,300
Median annual wages for psychologists in May 2015 were as follows:
Psychologists, all other $94,590
Industrial-organizational psychologists $77,350
Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists $70,580
In May 2015, the median annual wages for psychologists in the top industries in which they worked were as follows:
Hospitals; state, local, and private $81,430
Elementary and secondary schools; state, local, and private $71,300
Offices of mental health practitioners (except physicians) $70,470
Individual and family services $59,910
• Anthropologists and Archeologists
• Mental Health Counselors and Marriage and Family Therapists
• Postsecondary Teachers
• School and Career Counselors